The Anti-Bitcoin Bubble Is About to Burst by Sylvain ...

In your hesitation and doubt, Bitcoin once again exceeded $12000

In your hesitation and doubt, Bitcoin once again exceeded $12000
BTC.
Today's Bitcoin has finally begun to put a small amount and touch $12000, but this is still a far cry from our goal of a big bull market, and it does not mean the end of the concussion. There may be many lures, lure holes and even double explosions of needles.
We just need to keep in mind that the current general trend is the slow bull stage in the early days of the bull market, and the follow-up trend will be higher than the top, and the bottom is higher than the bottom.
Money friends who have energy and time pay attention to the risk at some special points such as $13150 and $13970, and just have the opportunity to do a band.
Friends who do not have time pay attention to the strong upward pressure level of $12300 in the short term. If this position is broken, there will be another strong rise.
https://preview.redd.it/2huvxjh8c6g51.png?width=713&format=png&auto=webp&s=3b572554d9dd088405147e2696f5dc7ee6e9e77a
Operation suggestions:
Follow-up attention to whether the volume can break through the resistance level of $12106 to $12300, if the volume breakthrough, Bitcoin will continue to suck blood to pull up a wave, followed by the rotation of the main currency.
The subsequent strong resistance levels are $13150, $13970, $17000 and $19875, all of which can be seen this year if you are lucky.
When the general trend remains the same, currency friends just wait to verify the pressure and support levels one by one and then implement them.
If the volume does not break through $12106 ~ $12300, it may continue to shock and build up momentum for a period of time, again, as long as the trend does not go bad, what is left is a matter of time. The longer the horizontal market, the greater the intensity of the change.
But we need to pay attention to 11450 dollars, if it is effectively broken, we need to stop the position of the band. If we step back but the effect does not fall below 11450 dollars, it is an opportunity to get on the bus. When the position is laid out, it will be good to hold the currency to go up and comply with the trend.
Key points: first of all, the spot continues to wait for opportunities, strictly abide by their own position management and risk control points, do not easily shuttle ha.
Second, do not touch contracts and leverage, short-term makers still have an absolute right to say, burst positions and empty positions just want to calculate how to harvest a more cost-effective problem, it may be like August 2, to a multi-short double explosion.
Finally, don't be fooled by the banker's tricks, thinking that there will always be shocks in this range.
In fact, in this range of shocks, the later, the longer the horizontal market, the greater the probability of changing the market, the stronger the changing strength, and the more attractive the position will be during the period. Do not clear the position as soon as it falls, and fill the position as soon as it goes up. Strictly implement their own position management plan, patiently wait for the market to give is a more obvious signal in the operation.
BTC-ahr999 currency hoarding index is the current index 1.21.
When the index is lower than 0.45, it is suitable to make a bottom. When the BTC, is higher than this range in the range of 0.45 and 1.2, it means missing the best shooting period. In 1.2mur5, it belongs to the take-off range, and breaking 5 indicates that there are bubbles and madness coefficients in it.
According to the current situation, it will soon rise beyond the range of the best fixed investment index.
submitted by yqc246 to hitbtc [link] [comments]

In 2012 I Met a Possessed Couch

I’ve been losing sleep. I don’t think I’m particularly special in that regard, I think everyone has been losing sleep these days. A global pandemic tends to do that to people. Yet the thing that has been keeping me awake isn’t the virus. I’ve been losing sleep over an old couch I once crossed paths with.
It’s been eight years, I want to believe that I’ve put the past behind me, but being locked in a house for a couple of weeks has made it impossible to not dwell on the past. The memory of the couch started off as a fleeting thought over my morning coffee, but as days have turned into weeks that memory has grown into a distinct vision of madness. What I saw during those three drunken nights in December of 2012 has become an unavoidable part of reality. I can’t rest until I process it.
So since we have a nice little Internet campfire going here I figured I would tell you guys a story. Hopefully it will let me put this whole part of my past to rest and maybe it will take your mind off of what is happening outside. So kick back and let me tell you a tale of love and loss, of broken teenage hearts, of surviving in a crumbling world. Let me tell you a story about the couch that tried to seduce me.

I was nineteen, hung-over and heartbroken. I was also stuck in a foreign country. Well, to call Estonia a foreign country would be a bit of a long shot, I had lived there for a good five years of my life. It was in Estonia that I lived out most of my teenage years. This was where I had smoked my first cigarette, had my first drink, fell in love for the first time. I was dragged in when I was thirteen by my parents; they had business in Tallinn and wherever they went I went. At eighteen, when my parent’s contracts ran out, I was forced back home. Their business with Estonia was done. Mine was not. By nineteen I was back.
As soon as I got off the plane I turned my phone on and checked my messages. She didn’t write to me. My soul, positioned somewhere slightly above my abdomen, twitched in discomfort. It was a familiar twitch, I had felt it in the bus to the airport, I had felt it in the security check, I had felt it when I boarded the flight to Tallinn and as soon as I got off the plane the twitch was back with a vengeance. The discomfort I was feeling in my chest was a realization. It was the realization that I had emptied out most of my already slim bank account on a one-way ticket halfway across the continent to see my old high-school sweetheart who wasn’t interested in seeing me. It was the realization that as much as I consciously knew the trip was a bad idea, I couldn’t resist going. I dragged my feet towards the arrivals hall.
When it became obvious that Saale was dodging my messages I panicked. There was no place for me to crash, I had no money for a flight, hell, I had no money for food. As I boarded the plane to Estonia I sent off a panicked text message to my old band-mate: ‘Made horrible mistake. Landing in Tallinn in three hours. Can I crash at yours?’ Within two minutes there was a reply: ‘OK. Will come with Maarja. See you soon.’ Karl wasn’t very chatty, but he was always there when needed.
The two of them were waiting for me as soon as I walked out into the arrival hall. They barely changed. Karl was still a giant of man. His long hair had gotten longer and the beard he had rocked since seventeen had gotten thicker, the guy looked like Jesus on steroids if Jesus was really into heavy metal and wore glasses. Next to Karl stood Maarja, she wore a garish yellow coat. The pink streak in her hair she’d been so proud of back in middle school was pinker than ever.
“JAAMEEES! YOU’RE BACK!” Maarja yelled in her high-pitched faux-English accent before nearly tackling me to the ground. “It’s been too long honey! Too long!” She hadn’t changed a bit since I left the country. Maarja was still a pint-sized bolt of energy. The two of them made for an odd couple.
“Welcome back, Friend,” Karl said after Maarja was done squeezing me. He wasn’t one for physical contact, Karl settled on a simple pat on the shoulder that challenged my entire skeletal structure. The three of us made our way outside to catch a bus to the center. Even after living in Estonia for five years I still wasn’t used to the winters. As soon as we walked out into the sub-zero temperature I felt decidedly like a foreigner.
We caught up on the small things while we waited for the bus. Karl and Maarja had officially moved in together, the band that Karl and me started up in high-school had broken up, Maarja was in the process of getting a bachelors degree of psychology and Karl was really into some crypto-currency stuff that went completely over my head. I couldn’t get much out of me; the cold was taking a real toll on my system. Whenever I opened my mouth to talk about my miserable little life I simply ended up chattering my teeth. As soon as we got on the bus I threw myself at the nearest heating vent.
“So, James,” Maarja said as soon as we got on the bus, “You still talk to Saale?” When I turned away from the heater to face her she froze, “I mean, we don’t have to talk about, forget I asked.”
“Do I look that bad?”
While Maarja searched for a diplomatic answer Karl stepped in with his special brand of honesty, “You look very tired and unhappy.”
“Well, I am happy to see you guys and I am excited to be here, but, yeah,” I decided to get the conversation out of the way, “We tried two months of long-distance, but Skype only gets you so far. Broke up in late July. After we split we agreed to not talk for a couple of months, to give each other some time to clear the system and all that. Keeping radio silence was hard at first but after a couple of weeks I started to get used to it. I was learning to live without her. Things were starting to straighten up, I even took a stab at dating but when the holidays rolled around the loneliness came back. On Christmas I figured I’d throw Saale a holiday message. She wrote back. We started chatting on a daily basis.”
The bus bounced through my old neighborhood. Memories of my drunken youth jumped at me from every corner, most of those memories involved Saale. “Last night we got pretty drunk,” I continued, “Things got flirty. We started talking about what we would do if we weren’t half a continent away from each other. She mentioned her parents were out of town until the end of January on some sort of an anniversary trip. I offered to fly in. She told me I should. Now I’m here.”
“She changed her mind?” Karl asked.
“She didn’t think I was serious about flying over. Didn’t exactly check with her before I bought the ticket. She flipped out when I got it, told me to get a refund and then hung up on me when I insisted on meeting up. She hasn’t answered any of my messages since.” A part of me felt good to get the story out of my system but saying it out loud just added to the absurdity. I could have not bought the ticket, I could have gotten a refund, I could have not gotten on that plane. Everything could have been avoided, but nineteen year old me leaped at the opportunity for a grand romantic gesture like a hungry animal.
“Very strange,” Karl finally said after considering my story. He shot a look over to Maarja, as if she was the ambassador to all women-kind, “Very strange, right?”
Maarja shrugged.
Maarja’s house was the crown jewel of my high-school social life. It was a three-apartment unit that was built at some point before the world wars. This place was old, as you would walk around the little apartment it would creak, but it made for a perfect party place. Maarja had inherited the apartment from her grandma at sixteen; the Estonians saw child rearing as a fairly independent process. If she couldn’t survive on her own at sixteen she probably couldn’t make it at thirty, a bit of responsibility would prepare her for the frigid world outside. Maarja used her newly found independence to throw the biggest house parties that the neighborhood had ever seen.
Maarja’s place was perfect for booze filled gatherings. It was spacious enough to hold any drinking game we could dream up, there was a nice terrace for smoking and the neighbors were either deaf, completely apathetic about teenage drinking or both. As soon as the front door opened I was assaulted by memories.
Visions of drunken nights on the floor of the living room, of hung-over mornings of the kitchen; the old apartment breathed with the past. For a split second a wave of gratitude for a youth well spent washed over me, but then I remembered that each of those fond memories had an element I wanted to block out. Most of the fun I had in the apartment had been with Saale by my side.
Maarja and Karl still slept on an old mattress on the floor, the walls were still covered with cut outs of boy-bands that Maarja had stuck to the wall in her tweens. The only thing that changed about their bedroom was the addition of a massive computer rig on the table. There were strange ventilators and cooling tubes and blinking lights, the machine looked like something straight out of a sci-fi flick.
“That’s my mining rig,” Karl said proudly. I nodded as if I understood what he was talking about.
“Where are the rats?” I asked, noticing the empty cage on Maarja’s wardrobe. Back in the day Maarja had two rats, Fritz and The Duchess. She would keep them in the cage most of the time, but whenever the night reached a certain point of drunkenness Maarja would sneak over to her bedroom and come out with the two animals. If you saw Maarja with two rats running up and down her body you knew the night was really going to become a rager.
“The Duchess died last week,” Maarja said with a glint of sorrow, “Fritz wasn’t taking it well. Think the little guy was depressed being in the cage all alone, so I’m letting him roam around the house for the time being. Hopefully a bit of freedom will cheer him up.” As if he had heard his name, Fritz peeked out from behind the wardrobe. The albino rat raised his snout in the air, sniffed for a bit and then lumbered off to the living room. The years had taken their toll on Fritz, he no longer moved with the youthful energy I was used to, but the one part of him that I remembered had not changed. Fritz still had balls that were disproportionately giant to his body. As he moved away from us he dragged them behind him with Sisyphean effort.
“So, which hostel are you crashing at?” Maarja asked. A lump manifested in my throat. I looked around the cramped apartment. Outside of the mattress there was nowhere for me to sleep. I didn’t have any money for a hostel. “Ah, I’m just kidding. You’re crashing here. We owe you anyway,” Maarja said with good cheer.
“For what?” I asked, relieved that I wasn’t homeless.
“Financing the booze and cigarettes back in the day, might have ended up a nun if it weren’t for you,” she said with a grin. It was true, throughout high school I had been the main financier of our misadventures, my parents had foreign money and that money went pretty far by Estonian standards. More importantly though; when everyone was sixteen I looked twelve. According to the law of teen streets, the late bloomer provides the dough for those who can buy stuff without ID.
“You’ll sleep on the couch, we just haven’t had the time to get it out of the garage. How about you and Karl drag it in while I make some tea?”
Even though it was a bright winter day outside the garage was in near darkness. The only thing that illuminated the cramped musty room was a single ray of light shining in through a cracked skylight. The garage was covered in flimsy shelves that buckled beneath the weight of greasy machine parts. In the center of the garage lay a couch shaped object covered with a large, stained cloth. Karl grabbed ahold the cloth and was about to pull it away, but a thought struck him.
“James, if I tell you something will you not tell Maarja?” He asked, letting the cloth drop back down to the floor. He looked straight at me; his small eyes were probing me for trustworthiness.
“Well, depends on what it is,” I said, “Don’t need help burying a body, right?”
“No,” Karl’s intensity broke into a smile, “It is nothing illegal. Just a secret.” He strode towards one of the rickety shelves and plunged his hand deep into its depths. After a moment of rustling he pulled out a small box. He opened it. Even though the garage was dark, and even though the diamond was tiny, you could see a little glimmer. Karl’s eyes shone twice as bright.
“Wow man,” I said, realizing how quickly the world was moving on, “Congratulations!” Maarja and Karl would get married and I would be at their wedding alone. As I stood in that garage the thought that I would always be alone gushed dread through my veins. We used to joke about how Saale and me would get hitched before the two of them did. Those jokes felt cruel now. Maarja and Karl would get married and one day Saale would get married too. She would get married to someone who wasn’t me. “I’m really happy for you.”
“I want to ask her father soon. He does not like me much, but I think I can show him that I can provide for his daughter. This Bitcoin thing will be big soon James, in a couple of years me and Maarja will be rich.” Karl put the box back into its hiding place. “Promise not to tell her, yes?”
“Promise,” I said with as much candor as I could muster, but my mind was elsewhere. My mind was floating disembodied in a bright church, watching my would-be-wife get married to someone else.
“James,” Karl’s paw on my shoulder brought me back into reality, “You will be okay. I know you are worried about Saale, but you still have us. We will drink this away.” He smiled. I tried to smile back. “Let’s get this couch, shall we?”
He pulled away at the cloth that covered the couch. Enough dust flew off into the air to send us both into a coughing fit. The room danced with dirty particles. Yet from behind the veil of powder I could see it. I could see the couch.
The thing was ancient, a couch straight out of the early days of the Soviet Union. Its flowery upholstery was covered in stains that just screamed history. It was as if the piece of furniture had been used for barricades in the defense of Stalingrad and lived to talk about it. Filth filled its rumpled cloth, it stood on firm wooden legs that seemed to have survived multiple generations of being clawed at, it was as if the thing was simply biding its time until its true masters came back to retrieve it. The couch was old, but somehow in that dark garage, in that gust of earthly smoke, there was something alluring about it. It looked ratty but comfortable, even inviting. For a split second I was sure that the couch had winked at me with its cushioning. Then the dust settled and it was just a piece of furniture.
Karl grabbed one side of the couch, I grabbed the other and we started to haul the thing towards the living room. We had left the garage, but there was still tension in the air. I was still thinking about Saale getting married to someone who wasn’t me. It was still as if Karl and me were meant to have a serious discussion. Neither of us were comfortable.
“I lost my virginity on this couch,” I shared, hoping to relax the situation.
Karl grinned, accepting the levity, “Gross.”
We dragged the couch to the living room and then joined Maarja in the kitchen. Back in the day her kitchen table was the go-to place to gather before drinking and after drinking. We would sit around and shoot the shit and wait for someone to drop off the booze for the evening or the hung-over pizza for the morning. Yet as we sat there, trying to make small talk, one of the chairs was empty and it made all the difference. I couldn’t focus on anything that was being said around me, all I could think about was how Saale used to sit next to me. All I could think about were her long legs on my lap, her long fiery hair, her laughter.
“How about we sweeten the evening with a bit of moonshine?” Maarja asked, as she fished a clear bottle out of the kitchen counter, “Karl and me are going to lunch with my parents tomorrow though, so no hangovers.”
Karl cheered on the promise of alcohol, but not even drink could lift my spirits. My eyes shifted from Saale’s empty seat to the couch. All I wanted to do was lie down and fall asleep for a thousand years. “Guys, I appreciate the hospitality but I’m really tired. How about we drink tomorrow?” I said. Karl and Maarja looked concerned, this was the first time they had ever seen me refuse booze.
“Are you sure you’re okay honey? We can talk about it if you want to,” Maarja suggested. I insisted I was fine; I just needed to get some rest. That didn’t convince her, but she yielded, “Well, we’ll be in my room if you need us.” Her and Karl shuffled off to her bedroom. I laid down on the couch.
From the other room I could hear them talk. Maarja talked in concerned whispers whilst Karl spoke at full volume, it didn’t make much of a difference, even after five years of being in the country I still couldn’t understand Estonian. I could hear my name being mentioned though. They were concerned about the emotional wreck that was crashing on their couch. I dragged my friends into my mess. It was all so humiliating; I was far from home, broke and broken. I wanted to die.
‘Easy there Tiger, don’t think like that,’ a faint voice emerged from the back of my head, ‘Things might not seem great right now, but look on the bright side, at least you’re on a comfortable couch.’ The voice was right; the couch was indeed comfortable. ‘All you need is a bit of a distraction to forget about your broken heart. Some booze, some dope, maybe a bit of love and you’ll be good as new.’ It was as if the suave voice turned a switch in my mind. Suddenly the tightness in my chest eased, a burst of joy started to bubble in my abdomen. My fingers started to trace the sides of the upholstery. The voice giggled, ‘That’s the spirit Tiger, just relax, you’re fine as long as you’re here with me.’ The universe felt lighter, my feelings of dread faded away and were replaced with an electric anticipation. I needed a drink to celebrate.
I opened the door to Maarja’s bedroom. She was lounging on the mattress reading a psych textbook. Karl was watching bar graphs on the computer. “Hey guys,” I peeked in, “I feel a bit better now, how about those drinks?” They both grinned. We drank.
In the moment I didn’t give much thought to the voice in my head, my internal monologue was turned up a notch since the break-up anyway. I was used to hearing thoughts that I consciously didn’t want to consider; the silky voice that was telling me that things would be okay was a welcome distraction. I sunk into the couch and I let the night carry me away. ‘See Tiger? Isn’t it nice to be here? Isn’t life just swell on this little old couch?’ it would say. I nodded along. We drank more.
All thoughts of avoiding hangovers were let go; the liquor poured freely. At some point Maarja emerged out of her room with Fritz on her shoulder. We celebrated the tradition of our youth but the rat was sluggish, far too old to crawl around on her body. After a couple of minutes Maarja gave up on playing with the rat. She put him on the ground. Fritz simply walked around the room dragging his testacles behind him like a ball and chain. We drank more.
Karl lumbered up to his feet and went to fetch his guitar. Maarja was out having a cigarette. I was far too comfortable on the couch. Having a moment to myself I watched the rat. Fritz had spent the past couple of minutes roaming the living room and sniffing at my backpack. Yet suddenly something caught his attention, he sniffed at the air, his whiskers bouncing in curiosity. Then he looked towards the couch. The old rat sprung to his hind legs and turned towards me. It was as if his beady eyes were locked to the piece of furniture. ‘Oh Tiger, don’t think about the stupid rat. Look, here comes Karl, let’s stop thinking about stupid things and listen to him play.’
Oh and how he could play. To say that Karl lacked warmth would be an understatement, communicating with the guy often felt like having a conversation with a pile of awkwardly stacked encyclopedias, but as soon as he would bring out the guitar he would ooze personality. Somehow, with those hulking fingers of his, Karl had managed to make the strings sing the gentlest of tones. Maarja and me sang along out of key as the night went on. ‘Just like the good old days, Tiger, you’re here and you’re happy. Focus on the positives, focus on the present,’ the voice told me. I followed the advice, until I couldn’t.
It was as if a spell had been broken. As soon as I heard those opening chords, as soon as I realized what Karl was playing my stomach sank. It was that Rolling Stones song. Saale and me had danced to it once upon a time. Memories of our first night together came rushing into my mind. The Saale shaped hole in my heart throbbed with pain. I got up to splash some water on my face. Karl shifted his performance into a serenade for Maarja.
The tiles in the bathroom were freezing but I was willing to withstand the pain if it meant I could get further away from the song. I stood there, willing to wait it out, but the memories just kept on floating back. I was standing in the same bathroom I stood in the night that I met Saale. I could see traces of a sixteen-year old in my face. The music kept on building. Saale’s lily perfume filled my nostrils. I could remember the fullness of her lips before our first kiss. The images were cascading on top of each other, ripping away at my sanity, ready to plunge me into a panic attack. But then they stopped. The music stopped.
I peeked out of the door. Karl had chucked his guitar over to the side. His serenade had given way to a heavy make out session. Him and Maarja were all over each other. “Guys, I’m going to go out for a cigarette,” I announced.
The two of them looked up at me dazed and drunk. “Take the keys honey, I think we’re going to bed.”
I hoped that the dial tone would block out Maarja’s moans but it didn’t. Not only did I have to listen to a loving couple have sex, I also had to listen to world’s quietest dial tone as I was reminded that Saale did not want to talk to me. I stood out there in the freezing cold smoking one cigarette after another. It was just me, the starless sky and Maarja’s moans. Karl lasted for a quarter a pack before their bedroom quieted down. I tried calling Saale one more time and then went back inside.
By the time I stumbled to the couch I could already hear snoring coming from the bedroom. But there was another sound in the apartment, something much quieter, something I almost didn’t notice. Scratching.
Luckily I managed to prop myself up against the couch before I sat on him. As I tried to regain my balance I realized just how drunk I was. Fritz was on the couch, furiously scratching into its upholstery. He looked up at the drunken figure hovering over him for a split second and then went back to work. Those little claws scratched with the ferocity of a pup. It was as if Fritz was two years younger.
I picked him up by his scruff and tried taking him off the couch. When I lifted him off the ground the rat seemed confused for just a split second before-
‘Aiiieee’ Fritz screamed the world’s tiniest scream and then bit me in the finger. He dropped to the ground and ran beneath a nearby wardrobe. He hid beneath it and watched me.
I was too drunk and tired to care. I laid down on the couch and exhaled. ‘Welcome back Tiger, you look tired. Let me keep you company. Yes, life is hard, but if you really appreciate the moment it can be pretty enjoyable. Lie down here, let me keep you hold you. Let’s get to know each other better.’
I could smell floral perfume. I closed my eyes and drifted off to a deep sleep.
(Next part)
submitted by MikeJesus to nosleep [link] [comments]

Introduction and overview of the Bitcoin system

Based on this post I made a bit earlier:
https://www.reddit.com/BitcoinBeginners/comments/euozq4/blockchain_and_btc_technical_review_of_the_past/
We put together an introductory overview of the Bitcoin System. As this is intended for beginners I think this subreddit would be a good place to get some feedback. What will you learn from the text:
If you do decide to go through the text would love some feedback. Was it clear? Did you get any value from it? Anything that needs to be expanded on?
----

1 Introduction to the Bitcoin System

1.1 Introduction and General Description

There are many definitions and descriptions of Bitcoin. Some describe it as an innovative virtual or crypto currency, some as the system for peer-to–peer electronic cash payment transactions, and some others as decentralized platform and infrastructure for anonymous payment transactions using any type of crypto currency.
In this Report we will adopt the concept that the Bitcoin system is a payment system. It has its own features, its own currency, its own protocols and components, and with all that Bitcoin supports payment transactions. In other words, the core function of the Bitcoin system is to support payments between two parties – the party that makes a payment and the party that receives the payment.
Based on the original concept and the description of the Bitcoin [Bitcoin, 2016], “it is a decentralized digital currency that enables instant payments to anyone, anywhere in the world. Bitcoin uses peer-to-peer technology to operate with no central authority: transaction management and money issuance are carried out collectively by the network”.
The system is decentralized since its supporting platform blockchain, comprises an infrastructure of multiple distributed servers, mutually linked by an instantaneous broadcasting protocol. Users perform transactions within the open and distributed community of registered users. Digital currency used in the system is not electronic form of fiat currency, but a special form of the currency generated and used only within the Bitcoin system. This concept is based on the notion that money can be interpreted as any object, or any sort of record, that is accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts in a given country or socio-economic context. Bitcoin system is designed around the idea of using cryptography to control the creation and transfer of money, rather than relying on central authorities.
There are several important requirements when making any type of payment and with any currency. The best example of a “perfect” payment transaction that meets all these requirements is payment using cash over-the-counter. When a consumer pays to a merchant using cash over-the-counter, such transaction satisfies all requirements and expectations of both parties. First, the transaction is instantaneous, as the paper bill is transferred hand-to-hand, from the consumer to the merchant. The transaction is cheap, in fact there is no overhead charge to perform transaction, so the merchant receives the full amount. The transaction is irreversible, what is the property beneficial to merchants. The transaction is legal, as the merchant can verify the legality of the paper bill. And, finally, the transaction is anonymous for the consumer as he/she does not need to reveal his/her identity.
The only “problem” with cash over-the-counter is the cash itself, as using and handling cash has many disadvantages.
Bitcoin concept and system solves all issues and problems with the use of cash, but at the same time provides all advantages when performing transactions using digital and communication technologies. So, paying with Bitcoins is effectively payment transaction that uses “digital cash over-the-counter”. The concept of the Bitcoin system provides all advantages and benefits mentioned above with payments using cash over-the-counter, but eliminates the problems of using cash. That is the reason why Bitcoins are often referred to as “digital cash”.
One of significant features of payments using cash over-the-counter is that there are no third parties to participate or assist in the execution and validation of a transaction. This feature makes Bitcoin transactions very efficient and also very cheap to perform. Other types of todays payment systems, for instance using bank-to-bank account transfers or using bankcards, use many additional intermediate parties and use very complicated background infrastructure to validate and clear payment transactions. These infrastructures are complex to establish and operate, they are expensive, and they are vulnerable to attacks and penetrations by hackers. Bitcoin does not use such complex infrastructures, what is the reason that its transactions are efficient and cheap. An additional problem with third-party transaction players is that transaction parties must put the complete trust in all these parties without any means to verify their functionality, correctness, or security.
Bitcoin system uses public-key cryptography to protect the currency and transactions. Logical relationships between transaction parties is direct, peer-to-peer, and the process of validating transactions is based on cryptographic proof-of-work. When performing a transaction, the net effect is that certain amount of Bitcoins is transferred from one cryptographic address to another. Each user may have and use several addresses simultaneously. Each payment transaction is broadcast to the network of distributed transaction processing servers. These servers collect individual transactions, package them into blocks, and send them for validation.
Each block is cryptographically processed by the large number of so called “miners”. They each attempt to create cryptographic hash value that has special form. This is computationally very difficult and time-consuming task, therefore, it is very difficult to perform and repeat. Individual blocks are validated using cryptographic processing procedures that require substantial amount of work and computing power.
Approximately an hour or two after submitting the transaction for validation, each transaction is locked in time and by cryptographic processing by the massive amount of computing power that was used to complete the block. When the block is validated, it is added to the chain of all previous blocks, thus forming a public archive of all blocks and transactions in the system.
One of the most important problems with uncontrolled digital currency, where there are no third parties to validate and approve transactions, is so called double spending. Since the currency is digital, stored at user’s local workstations, in mobile phones, or on network servers, it can be easily copied and sent to multiple recipients multiple times.
Bitcoin system solves this problem with a very interesting approach. It is the first effective example of the solution for the double-spending problem without the need for assistance of any third party. Bitcoin solves this problem by keeping and distributing an archive of all transactions among all the users of the system via a peer-to-peer distribution network. Every transaction that occurs in the Bitcoin system is recorded in that public and distributed transactions ledger. Since the components in that ledger are blocks with transactions and the blocks are “chained” in time and in a cryptographic sequence, the ledger in the Bitcoin system is called blockchain.
That full blockchain of all transactions that were performed in the Bitcoin system before the specific transaction can be used to verify new transactions. The transactions are verified against the blockchain to ensure that the same Bitcoins have not been previously spent. This approach eliminates the double-spending problem. The essence of the verification procedure for a single transaction in fact is the test of the balance of the sending account. The test is very normal and natural: payment of a certain amount of the currency can be made only of the balance of the outgoing account is equal or larger than the payment amount. Current balance of an account is established by tracing all incoming and outgoing transactions for that account.
The procedure to verify the validity of individual transactions and to prevent double-spending is based on the use of special type of cryptographic protocol called public-key cryptography. With this type of cryptographic systems each user has two cryptographic keys. They are mutually related in the sense that, what ever the one key encrypts, the other key can decrypt. One of the two keys is a private key that is kept secret, and the other key is public key that can be shared with all other users in the system. When a user wants to make a payment to another user, the sender transfers certain amount of Bitcoins from his/her account to the account of the receiver. This action is performed by the sender by creating a payment message, called a “transaction,” which contains recipient’s public key – receiving address and payment amount. The transaction is cryptographically processed by the sender’s private key, the operation called digital signing, and as the result digital signature is created and appended to the transaction.
By using sender’s private key every user in the system can verify that the transaction was indeed created by the indicated sender, as his/her private key can successfully decrypt the content of the digital signature. The exchange is authentic, since the transaction was also cryptographically processed with the recipient’s public key, the operation which is called digital enveloping. This transformation guarantees that the transaction can be accepted and processed only by the holder of the corresponding private key, which is the intended recipient.
Every transaction, and thus the transfer of ownership of the specified amount of Bitcoins, is inserted, then time-stamped, and finally displayed in one “block” of the blockchain. Public-key cryptography ensures that all computers in the network have a constantly updated and verified record of all transactions within the Bitcoin network, which prevents double-spending and fraud.

1.2 The Concept and Features of the Bitcoin System

There are many concepts and even more operational payment systems today in the world. Some are standard paper–based, some are digital and network based. What makes Bitcoin unique and distinctive, compared with all other payment systems that are in use today, are several of its core features.
The first of them is that the system uses its own currency. The reason for using its own currency is to make the system independent of financial institutions as trusted third parties. The unit of the currency is called Bitcoin. The currency is so called crypto currency, because it is generated and used based on execution of certain cryptographic algorithms and protocols. Performing specific cryptographic protocols is in the heart of operations to create new Bitcoins, to transfer them between transaction parties, and to validate the correctness of transactions.
Since appearance of Bitcoins, several new systems were introduced that use cryptography to manage its own currency, so all such currencies represent the category of crypto currencies. Later in this Report, some other digital / virtual currencies will be described that are created and managed using some other principles, so they are not called crypto currency. At the time of writing this Report, all such digital virtual currencies were called with general term tokens, sometimes also digital assets tokens. The reason is that they were created by the process called collateralization and therefore they are related to the value of some categories of real world assets which is expressed in digital tokens units.
The second interesting and important feature of the Bitcoin system is that the logical relationship between the two transaction parties is direct, peer-to–peer, i.e. there are no other parties that participate in the transaction. This is an important feature and benefit / advantage of the system that contributes to its efficiency when compared with the todays complex and expensive financial payment infrastructures and protocols. However, for distribution of transactions to their validators and later to all other members in the Bitcoin system the physical flow of each transaction is very complex and includes many parties.
It should be emphasized that performing transactions as direct, peer-to–peer transfers is one of the key features and the most significant reason for many benefits and advantages of the Bitcoin system. This approach is the key feature of the Bitcoin system as it enables security and anonymity of parties, efficiency in performing transactions, scaling of the system, and instantaneous settlement of payments. Therefore, supporting execution and validation of serious business peer–to–peer transactions is one of the core benefits of the blockchain concept, as it changes the current paradigm of Internet applications and transactions. Currently all Internet applications are organized and performed as client–server transactions. Such transactions are not efficient, do not provide sufficient privacy of participants, have dependencies on third parties and usually are vulnerable due to attacks of functional problems with large centralized application servers.
The next very important characteristic of the Bitcoin system is anonymity of users, their accounts, and transactions. This property means that the identities of the participants in the system are not known even to the partners performing a payment transaction. All other system operations – receiving payments, making payments, validating transactions, etc. are also performed anonymously. Interpreting this property correctly, the anonymity of transaction participants is so called pseudo-anonymity. Namely, in the process of validating transactions, all previous transactions of the sender are traced back to the original initial transaction. If that initial transaction was the purchase of Bitcoins at some Bitcoin Exchange, then the identity of the original owner of Bitcoins is known. Most if not all service providers in the Bitcoin system today require very strict identification of participants for the purpose of enforcing legal and regulated transactions and include certain restrictions of transaction frequency and amounts. This procedure, although understandable from the legal and regulatory point of view, has in fact in essence changed one of the core principles of the original concept of the Bitcoin system – full anonymity of users.
Better solution for fully anonymous payment transactions is so called zero–knowledge protocol, where the identity and authorization to perform Bitcoin transactions, is validated by anyone without revealing any identity information of the parties. The only problem with this approach is revealing the identity of transaction participants to law enforcement authorities in case of illegal transactions. But, such authorities have special authorization under the law and they should be enabled to get identifying information about transaction participants in the process of legal law enforcement procedures. But, all other service providers do not have such status, so if Bitcoin principles are strictly followed, they should not be able to have identifying information about system participants.
This approach and potential improvement of the Bitcoin system implies that the system needs one of the classical security services: role–based authorization. In such arrangement, there would be at least two categories of system participants: those that are authorized to maintain and access identifying information about the participants and those that are only authorized to perform transactions. In the first category are legal authorities, like police, driving license authorities, tax authorities, etc. In the context of the standard Identities Management Systems, such participants are called Identity Providers. All others are Identity Verifiers. Therefore, one of the main conclusions about true anonymity in the Bitcoin system is establishment of a sophisticated and multi-role Identities Management System, where some parties will be authorized Identity Providers and all others will be Identity Validators. Finally, referring back to the infrastructure of the Bitcoin system to perform and validate transactions – blockchain, the conclusion is that what is needed, as one of the most important extensions of the current concept of anonymity of Bitcoins participants, is an Identity Management System based itself on the use of blockchain and without Identity Providers as trusted third parties. Creation, distribution, use and validation of identities are transactions in the system, equivalent to payment transactions, so they should also be performed using blockchain protocol. Such system, that can provide reliable identities of all participants may be called Blockchain Identity Management System.
Another very important feature of the original concept of the Bitcoin system is that it is not controlled by any financial institution, by any regulatory body or by any legal financial authority when it comes to issuing Bitcoins and determining their value. This means that the currency used in the system and all transactions are exempted from any legal and financial rules and regulations. The rules controlling Bitcoin system are built in its code. This property is usually called “rule by the technical code”, as the rules of system operations, built in the code of its operational components, control and rule the operations of the system [UK, 2016], Chapter 3. This property is sometimes described as “control by the community”, i.e. the participating users.
This property implies that the value of Bitcoins is determined solely on the market – based on its supply and demand. This is quite natural approach, as the value of shares of companies are also determined on an open trading market. However, such approach implies that the value of Bitcoin, as crypto currency, is volatile related to fiat currencies. This property represent serious problem to perform payments using Bitcoin. It is well-known that volatile currencies are not suitable for payments. The practice of all the years while Bitcoins are in use has shown that its volatility represents one of the major obstacles for its main purpose – to be used as the payment system. In fact, it was announced that in 2019 the total value of Bitcoin transactions performed was about $ 11 T. However, unfortunately, only about 1.3% of those transactions were payments, all others were trading manipulations on exchanges. Based on that, it may be clearly stated that Bitcoin today is not used as the payment system, but as currency manipulation system. This is one of the main problems with the concept and current implementation and deployment of Bitcoin system and in near future may represent the main reason for its decline in popularity.

1.3 Innovative Contributions of the Bitcoin System

Besides an effective procedure to transfer an amount of crypto currency from one user (account) to another user (account), the major and indeed an essential contribution of the concept of the Bitcoin is the solution to the general problem how to establish trust between two mutually unknown and otherwise unrelated parties to such an extent and certainty that sensitive and secure transactions can be performed with full confidence over an open environment, such as Internet. In all current large scale and not only financial systems that problem is solved by using the assistance of third parties. For many (may be even all) current Internet applications and transactions those third parties are integrated and linked into a large, complex, expensive and vulnerable operational infrastructures. Examples of such infrastructures today are bankcard networks supporting global international payments, global international banking networks supporting international financial transfers, Public–Key Infrastructures (PKI), Identity Management Systems, and many others. It is a general consent that such infrastructures are expensive and, more important, vulnerable to external and internal attacks.
In addition to the complexity and vulnerabilities of such current operational supporting infrastructures, another requirement and prerequisite to use their services is that users must put the complete trust in these third parties. Accepting to trust those third–party service providers is the necessary and mandatory prerequisite to use their services.
Therefore, one of the most important contributions of the concept of Bitcoin is that it solves the issue how two parties, mutually unknown to each other in advance and otherwise completely unrelated, can perform sensitive and secure transactions, such as transfer of money – payments, but without assistance of any third party and without the need to place trust in any component of the system.
The practical benefits of solving this problem and the most important consequence of the solution for this problem – Bitcoin system, is that it provides the possibility for one Internet user to transfer not only Bitcoins, but also any other form of digital asset to or shared with another Internet user, such that the transfer is guaranteed to be safe and secure, that everyone knows that the transfer has been performed, and nobody can challenge the legitimacy of the transfer.
This feature of the Bitcoin system generated many very new, creative and innovative ideas where the concept equivalent to the Bitcoin can be used to perform secure and reliable transactions between users in an open community handling any type of digital asset ([Andreesen, 2014], [Sparkes, 2014], [UniCredit, 2016], [BitID, 2015], [PoE, 2015]). The examples of such applications and transactions range from commercial transitions, real estate transactions, energy trading, electronic voting, medical applications, and many others ([Kounelis, 2015], [Muftic, 2016]). The concept of blockchain as technology supporting validation of all such transactions is therefore called disruptive technology.
As the conclusion in this section, we may give a definition of blockchain:
Blockchain is an innovative concept, implemented as an infrastructure comprising multiple and distributed servers, mutually linked by special broadcasting and synchronization protocols, managing immutable objects with the purpose to enable and protect secure peer–to–peer transactions in a global and open environment.

1.4 Summary of Problems and Potential Solutions

In section 1.2 several problems of the Bitcoin system were mentioned and potential solutions for these problems were outlined. Recently, at the time of writing this Technical Report, several sources, mainly personal blogs and articles, appeared with very interesting opinions and statements regarding some other serious Bitcoin problems. Some of them are problems with the concept of the system, some problems of its design, and some problems of operations. In this section some of these problems are briefly summarized including suggestions for their potential solutions. The source of some problems was the article [Ein, 2018].
Problem 1: Complex Crypto Algorithms
Problem: Bitcoins is crypto currency and cryptographic algorithms used in the current version are very complex, based on the concept of proof–of–work, and require long time, special hardware and a lots of energy to perform
Potential Solution: Potential solution fro this problem is to use cryptographic algorithms that are simpler and therefore more efficient to execute and need less energy
Problems with Potential Solution: Lowering the complexity of crypto algorithms introduces vulnerability to hackers. Therefore, what is needed are strong algorithms and simple to perform for regular users and complex to break by hackers
Problem 2: Indirect Transactions, not Peer–to–Peer
Problem: Contrary to the concept claimed, in todays implementation Bitcoin payment transactions are not performed as direct, peer–to–peer transactions. They are performed indirectly, submitted to the Bitcoin network, and recipients receive them indirectly, by downloading validated transactions from the ledger
Potential Solution: Transactions should be performed directly, by transferring them directly between two users
Problems with Potential Solution: The problem with the potential solution is validation of transaction for proof of possession of Bitcoins by the sender and for prevention of double-spending. Therefore, what is needed is the protocol to validate peer–to–peer transactions.
Problem 3: Anonymity of Users not provided
Problem: Contrary to the concept claimed, in todays deployments of additional system components, mainly exchanges, users are not anonymous
Potential Solution: Blockchain–based Distributed Identity Management System with Role-based Authorizations
Problems with Potential Solution: The problem with potential solution is that it depends on trusted third parties with authorized roles. Therefore, what is needed is blockchain-based Identity Management System using hybrid (permissioned and unpermissioned) blockchain
Problem 4: Volatile Value, not suitable for Payments
Problem: Contrary to the concept claimed that Bitcoin is payment system, volatile value of the currency makes it inconvenient for payments
Potential Solution: Crypto currency with stable value
Problems with Potential Solution: The problem with the potential solution is that the value of Bitcoins is determined on the secondary market, during its trading (cash-in / cash-out). Therefore, what is needed is crypto currency that does not have volatile value
The remaining problems in this section are quoted from [Ein, 2018]:
Problem 5: Negative Environmental Impact
Problem: Mining algorithms and operational facilities (“mining farms”) consume too much electrical energy, based on the “proof-of-work” protocol
Potential Solution: Using mining algorithms that consume less energy, either as simpler / lighter crypto algorithms or using alternative crypto protocols to protect transactions integrity (“proof-of-stake”)
Problems with Potential Solution: The problem with the potential solution is that simpler / lighter algorithms open vulnerabilities to hackers while alternative crypto protocols are not backward compatible with the current system
Problem 6: Slow Performance (Delays) / Low Throughput
Problem: Due to blocking and the designed time for protection of transactions (10 minutes) Bitcoin system has very slow performance – transactions are validated in about an hour and transaction processing throughput is about 7 transactions per second
Potential Solution: Using transaction validation algorithms and protocols that do not need blocking of transactions, but transactions should be validated individually
Problems with Potential Solution: There are no serious problems with the proposed potential solution
Problem 7: Limited Number of Bitcoins
Problem: Due hardware and other types of failures, the number of available Bitcoins in the system is constantly reducing
Potential Solution: Potential solution could be to use smaller portions of Bitcoin (“Satoshi”) or introduce hard-fork by splitting the amount of available Bitcoins
Problems with Potential Solution: The problems with the first solution that it is not user-friendly and the problem with the second solution is backwards compatibility.
Problem 8: Real Value of Bitcoins
Problem: The value of Bitcoins is purely psychological and reflects only pure market speculations
Potential Solution: Potential solution could be to peg the value of Bitcoin to local fiat currencies in countries of deployments
Problems with Potential Solution: The problems with the potential solution is that such Bitcoins would be a new class of Bitcoins, not traded on exchanges and not volatile
At the end of this section, it is very interesting to quote two opinions about the future of Bitcoin and blockchain:
[Ein, 2018]: “It seems that Bitcoin will likely cease to have meaningful value, defeating the whole point and philosophy imagined by Satoshi Nakamoto, the alleged inventor of Bitcoin. Its current value appears to be purely psychological, and the hype seems to be driven by irrational exuberance, greed and speculation. Modern human history has seen many bubbles, including the dot-com bubble, the housing bubble and even the tulip bubble. However, when these bubbles exploded, many excellent dot-com companies survived, most houses regained their value and tulips still have meaning and carry value in our lives today. But what will happen when the Bitcoin bubble bursts? What utility or residual value will Bitcoin have to consumers and businesses? Most likely none. And this is the real problem with Bitcoin and crypto currencies.
Bitcoin will likely go down in history as a great technological invention that popularized blockchain yet failed due to its design limitations. Just like the industrial revolution was fueled by the combustion engine, Nakamoto’s most valuable contribution is the blockchain polymorphic engine that will further accelerate innovation in the post-information age and immensely affect our lives”.
This quote makes two very important and far–reaching predictions:
(1) Bitcoin, as the payment system will disappear (“. . . will go down in history”), and
(2) The most valuable contribution of the Bitcoin system is blockchain
This article was written in 2018. It is very interesting to notice that at the time of writing this Technical Report, (1) Bitcoin was still “alive” and (2) the concept and deployments of blockchain were in serious trouble.
Based on the principle of positive and creative approach, in the rest of this Technical Report, besides description of all technical details of the Bitcoin system, some potential solutions for its improvement will also be discussed.
However, contrary to the predicted status of Bitcoin, it seems that the predicted status of blockchain, in 2020 was still facing serious problems.
[Barber, 2019]: What's Blockchain Actually Good for, Anyway? For Now, Not Much
“Not long ago, blockchain technology was touted as a way to track tuna, bypass banks, and preserve property records. Reality has proved a much tougher challenge”.

[Lucanus, 2020]: Has Blockchain Failed Before It Even Really Began?

“Just as everyone was getting really excited about its potential, it appears blockchain is dead. For a technology that was supposed to transform and solve seemingly every problem in the world, the enthusiasm is fading pretty quickly”.
At the time of writing this Technical Report, there were many new blockchain – concepts, design and even several deployed and operational instances. Some of them are even very popular, but only among enthusiastic developers. The overall trends with real life deployments, and more and more comments about the capabilities and features of blockchains are appearing with negative connotation. Therefore, seems that even for blockchain some innovative concepts and approaches are needed. They are beyond the scope of this Technical Report and will be addressed in some of our follow-up reports.
submitted by Theus5 to u/Theus5 [link] [comments]

Introduction and overview of the Bitcoin system

In relation to this post:
https://www.reddit.com/btc/comments/eupegk/technical_review_of_the_past_10_years_and_how_the/
We put together an introductory overview of the Bitcoin System. As this is intended to help increase public understanding of BTC and thus increase it's adoption. What will you learn from the text:
If you do decide to go through the text would love some feedback. Was it clear? Did you get any value from it? Anything that needs to be expanded on? - we are really excited about this project and hope to make it to the best of our abilities.
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1 Introduction to the Bitcoin System

1.1 Introduction and General Description

There are many definitions and descriptions of Bitcoin. Some describe it as an innovative virtual or crypto currency, some as the system for peer-to–peer electronic cash payment transactions, and some others as decentralized platform and infrastructure for anonymous payment transactions using any type of crypto currency.
In this Report we will adopt the concept that the Bitcoin system is a payment system. It has its own features, its own currency, its own protocols and components, and with all that Bitcoin supports payment transactions. In other words, the core function of the Bitcoin system is to support payments between two parties – the party that makes a payment and the party that receives the payment.
Based on the original concept and the description of the Bitcoin [Bitcoin, 2016], “it is a decentralized digital currency that enables instant payments to anyone, anywhere in the world. Bitcoin uses peer-to-peer technology to operate with no central authority: transaction management and money issuance are carried out collectively by the network”.
The system is decentralized since its supporting platform blockchain, comprises an infrastructure of multiple distributed servers, mutually linked by an instantaneous broadcasting protocol. Users perform transactions within the open and distributed community of registered users. Digital currency used in the system is not electronic form of fiat currency, but a special form of the currency generated and used only within the Bitcoin system. This concept is based on the notion that money can be interpreted as any object, or any sort of record, that is accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts in a given country or socio-economic context. Bitcoin system is designed around the idea of using cryptography to control the creation and transfer of money, rather than relying on central authorities.
There are several important requirements when making any type of payment and with any currency. The best example of a “perfect” payment transaction that meets all these requirements is payment using cash over-the-counter. When a consumer pays to a merchant using cash over-the-counter, such transaction satisfies all requirements and expectations of both parties. First, the transaction is instantaneous, as the paper bill is transferred hand-to-hand, from the consumer to the merchant. The transaction is cheap, in fact there is no overhead charge to perform transaction, so the merchant receives the full amount. The transaction is irreversible, what is the property beneficial to merchants. The transaction is legal, as the merchant can verify the legality of the paper bill. And, finally, the transaction is anonymous for the consumer as he/she does not need to reveal his/her identity.
The only “problem” with cash over-the-counter is the cash itself, as using and handling cash has many disadvantages.
Bitcoin concept and system solves all issues and problems with the use of cash, but at the same time provides all advantages when performing transactions using digital and communication technologies. So, paying with Bitcoins is effectively payment transaction that uses “digital cash over-the-counter”. The concept of the Bitcoin system provides all advantages and benefits mentioned above with payments using cash over-the-counter, but eliminates the problems of using cash. That is the reason why Bitcoins are often referred to as “digital cash”.
One of significant features of payments using cash over-the-counter is that there are no third parties to participate or assist in the execution and validation of a transaction. This feature makes Bitcoin transactions very efficient and also very cheap to perform. Other types of todays payment systems, for instance using bank-to-bank account transfers or using bankcards, use many additional intermediate parties and use very complicated background infrastructure to validate and clear payment transactions. These infrastructures are complex to establish and operate, they are expensive, and they are vulnerable to attacks and penetrations by hackers. Bitcoin does not use such complex infrastructures, what is the reason that its transactions are efficient and cheap. An additional problem with third-party transaction players is that transaction parties must put the complete trust in all these parties without any means to verify their functionality, correctness, or security.
Bitcoin system uses public-key cryptography to protect the currency and transactions. Logical relationships between transaction parties is direct, peer-to-peer, and the process of validating transactions is based on cryptographic proof-of-work. When performing a transaction, the net effect is that certain amount of Bitcoins is transferred from one cryptographic address to another. Each user may have and use several addresses simultaneously. Each payment transaction is broadcast to the network of distributed transaction processing servers. These servers collect individual transactions, package them into blocks, and send them for validation.
Each block is cryptographically processed by the large number of so called “miners”. They each attempt to create cryptographic hash value that has special form. This is computationally very difficult and time-consuming task, therefore, it is very difficult to perform and repeat. Individual blocks are validated using cryptographic processing procedures that require substantial amount of work and computing power.
Approximately an hour or two after submitting the transaction for validation, each transaction is locked in time and by cryptographic processing by the massive amount of computing power that was used to complete the block. When the block is validated, it is added to the chain of all previous blocks, thus forming a public archive of all blocks and transactions in the system.
One of the most important problems with uncontrolled digital currency, where there are no third parties to validate and approve transactions, is so called double spending. Since the currency is digital, stored at user’s local workstations, in mobile phones, or on network servers, it can be easily copied and sent to multiple recipients multiple times.
Bitcoin system solves this problem with a very interesting approach. It is the first effective example of the solution for the double-spending problem without the need for assistance of any third party. Bitcoin solves this problem by keeping and distributing an archive of all transactions among all the users of the system via a peer-to-peer distribution network. Every transaction that occurs in the Bitcoin system is recorded in that public and distributed transactions ledger. Since the components in that ledger are blocks with transactions and the blocks are “chained” in time and in a cryptographic sequence, the ledger in the Bitcoin system is called blockchain.
That full blockchain of all transactions that were performed in the Bitcoin system before the specific transaction can be used to verify new transactions. The transactions are verified against the blockchain to ensure that the same Bitcoins have not been previously spent. This approach eliminates the double-spending problem. The essence of the verification procedure for a single transaction in fact is the test of the balance of the sending account. The test is very normal and natural: payment of a certain amount of the currency can be made only of the balance of the outgoing account is equal or larger than the payment amount. Current balance of an account is established by tracing all incoming and outgoing transactions for that account.
The procedure to verify the validity of individual transactions and to prevent double-spending is based on the use of special type of cryptographic protocol called public-key cryptography. With this type of cryptographic systems each user has two cryptographic keys. They are mutually related in the sense that, what ever the one key encrypts, the other key can decrypt. One of the two keys is a private key that is kept secret, and the other key is public key that can be shared with all other users in the system. When a user wants to make a payment to another user, the sender transfers certain amount of Bitcoins from his/her account to the account of the receiver. This action is performed by the sender by creating a payment message, called a “transaction,” which contains recipient’s public key – receiving address and payment amount. The transaction is cryptographically processed by the sender’s private key, the operation called digital signing, and as the result digital signature is created and appended to the transaction.
By using sender’s private key every user in the system can verify that the transaction was indeed created by the indicated sender, as his/her private key can successfully decrypt the content of the digital signature. The exchange is authentic, since the transaction was also cryptographically processed with the recipient’s public key, the operation which is called digital enveloping. This transformation guarantees that the transaction can be accepted and processed only by the holder of the corresponding private key, which is the intended recipient.
Every transaction, and thus the transfer of ownership of the specified amount of Bitcoins, is inserted, then time-stamped, and finally displayed in one “block” of the blockchain. Public-key cryptography ensures that all computers in the network have a constantly updated and verified record of all transactions within the Bitcoin network, which prevents double-spending and fraud.

1.2 The Concept and Features of the Bitcoin System

There are many concepts and even more operational payment systems today in the world. Some are standard paper–based, some are digital and network based. What makes Bitcoin unique and distinctive, compared with all other payment systems that are in use today, are several of its core features.
The first of them is that the system uses its own currency. The reason for using its own currency is to make the system independent of financial institutions as trusted third parties. The unit of the currency is called Bitcoin. The currency is so called crypto currency, because it is generated and used based on execution of certain cryptographic algorithms and protocols. Performing specific cryptographic protocols is in the heart of operations to create new Bitcoins, to transfer them between transaction parties, and to validate the correctness of transactions.
Since appearance of Bitcoins, several new systems were introduced that use cryptography to manage its own currency, so all such currencies represent the category of crypto currencies. Later in this Report, some other digital / virtual currencies will be described that are created and managed using some other principles, so they are not called crypto currency. At the time of writing this Report, all such digital virtual currencies were called with general term tokens, sometimes also digital assets tokens. The reason is that they were created by the process called collateralization and therefore they are related to the value of some categories of real world assets which is expressed in digital tokens units.
The second interesting and important feature of the Bitcoin system is that the logical relationship between the two transaction parties is direct, peer-to–peer, i.e. there are no other parties that participate in the transaction. This is an important feature and benefit / advantage of the system that contributes to its efficiency when compared with the todays complex and expensive financial payment infrastructures and protocols. However, for distribution of transactions to their validators and later to all other members in the Bitcoin system the physical flow of each transaction is very complex and includes many parties.
It should be emphasized that performing transactions as direct, peer-to–peer transfers is one of the key features and the most significant reason for many benefits and advantages of the Bitcoin system. This approach is the key feature of the Bitcoin system as it enables security and anonymity of parties, efficiency in performing transactions, scaling of the system, and instantaneous settlement of payments. Therefore, supporting execution and validation of serious business peer–to–peer transactions is one of the core benefits of the blockchain concept, as it changes the current paradigm of Internet applications and transactions. Currently all Internet applications are organized and performed as client–server transactions. Such transactions are not efficient, do not provide sufficient privacy of participants, have dependencies on third parties and usually are vulnerable due to attacks of functional problems with large centralized application servers.
The next very important characteristic of the Bitcoin system is anonymity of users, their accounts, and transactions. This property means that the identities of the participants in the system are not known even to the partners performing a payment transaction. All other system operations – receiving payments, making payments, validating transactions, etc. are also performed anonymously. Interpreting this property correctly, the anonymity of transaction participants is so called pseudo-anonymity. Namely, in the process of validating transactions, all previous transactions of the sender are traced back to the original initial transaction. If that initial transaction was the purchase of Bitcoins at some Bitcoin Exchange, then the identity of the original owner of Bitcoins is known. Most if not all service providers in the Bitcoin system today require very strict identification of participants for the purpose of enforcing legal and regulated transactions and include certain restrictions of transaction frequency and amounts. This procedure, although understandable from the legal and regulatory point of view, has in fact in essence changed one of the core principles of the original concept of the Bitcoin system – full anonymity of users.
Better solution for fully anonymous payment transactions is so called zero–knowledge protocol, where the identity and authorization to perform Bitcoin transactions, is validated by anyone without revealing any identity information of the parties. The only problem with this approach is revealing the identity of transaction participants to law enforcement authorities in case of illegal transactions. But, such authorities have special authorization under the law and they should be enabled to get identifying information about transaction participants in the process of legal law enforcement procedures. But, all other service providers do not have such status, so if Bitcoin principles are strictly followed, they should not be able to have identifying information about system participants.
This approach and potential improvement of the Bitcoin system implies that the system needs one of the classical security services: role–based authorization. In such arrangement, there would be at least two categories of system participants: those that are authorized to maintain and access identifying information about the participants and those that are only authorized to perform transactions. In the first category are legal authorities, like police, driving license authorities, tax authorities, etc. In the context of the standard Identities Management Systems, such participants are called Identity Providers. All others are Identity Verifiers. Therefore, one of the main conclusions about true anonymity in the Bitcoin system is establishment of a sophisticated and multi-role Identities Management System, where some parties will be authorized Identity Providers and all others will be Identity Validators. Finally, referring back to the infrastructure of the Bitcoin system to perform and validate transactions – blockchain, the conclusion is that what is needed, as one of the most important extensions of the current concept of anonymity of Bitcoins participants, is an Identity Management System based itself on the use of blockchain and without Identity Providers as trusted third parties. Creation, distribution, use and validation of identities are transactions in the system, equivalent to payment transactions, so they should also be performed using blockchain protocol. Such system, that can provide reliable identities of all participants may be called Blockchain Identity Management System.
Another very important feature of the original concept of the Bitcoin system is that it is not controlled by any financial institution, by any regulatory body or by any legal financial authority when it comes to issuing Bitcoins and determining their value. This means that the currency used in the system and all transactions are exempted from any legal and financial rules and regulations. The rules controlling Bitcoin system are built in its code. This property is usually called “rule by the technical code”, as the rules of system operations, built in the code of its operational components, control and rule the operations of the system [UK, 2016], Chapter 3. This property is sometimes described as “control by the community”, i.e. the participating users.
This property implies that the value of Bitcoins is determined solely on the market – based on its supply and demand. This is quite natural approach, as the value of shares of companies are also determined on an open trading market. However, such approach implies that the value of Bitcoin, as crypto currency, is volatile related to fiat currencies. This property represent serious problem to perform payments using Bitcoin. It is well-known that volatile currencies are not suitable for payments. The practice of all the years while Bitcoins are in use has shown that its volatility represents one of the major obstacles for its main purpose – to be used as the payment system. In fact, it was announced that in 2019 the total value of Bitcoin transactions performed was about $ 11 T. However, unfortunately, only about 1.3% of those transactions were payments, all others were trading manipulations on exchanges. Based on that, it may be clearly stated that Bitcoin today is not used as the payment system, but as currency manipulation system. This is one of the main problems with the concept and current implementation and deployment of Bitcoin system and in near future may represent the main reason for its decline in popularity.

1.3 Innovative Contributions of the Bitcoin System

Besides an effective procedure to transfer an amount of crypto currency from one user (account) to another user (account), the major and indeed an essential contribution of the concept of the Bitcoin is the solution to the general problem how to establish trust between two mutually unknown and otherwise unrelated parties to such an extent and certainty that sensitive and secure transactions can be performed with full confidence over an open environment, such as Internet. In all current large scale and not only financial systems that problem is solved by using the assistance of third parties. For many (may be even all) current Internet applications and transactions those third parties are integrated and linked into a large, complex, expensive and vulnerable operational infrastructures. Examples of such infrastructures today are bankcard networks supporting global international payments, global international banking networks supporting international financial transfers, Public–Key Infrastructures (PKI), Identity Management Systems, and many others. It is a general consent that such infrastructures are expensive and, more important, vulnerable to external and internal attacks.
In addition to the complexity and vulnerabilities of such current operational supporting infrastructures, another requirement and prerequisite to use their services is that users must put the complete trust in these third parties. Accepting to trust those third–party service providers is the necessary and mandatory prerequisite to use their services.
Therefore, one of the most important contributions of the concept of Bitcoin is that it solves the issue how two parties, mutually unknown to each other in advance and otherwise completely unrelated, can perform sensitive and secure transactions, such as transfer of money – payments, but without assistance of any third party and without the need to place trust in any component of the system.
The practical benefits of solving this problem and the most important consequence of the solution for this problem – Bitcoin system, is that it provides the possibility for one Internet user to transfer not only Bitcoins, but also any other form of digital asset to or shared with another Internet user, such that the transfer is guaranteed to be safe and secure, that everyone knows that the transfer has been performed, and nobody can challenge the legitimacy of the transfer.
This feature of the Bitcoin system generated many very new, creative and innovative ideas where the concept equivalent to the Bitcoin can be used to perform secure and reliable transactions between users in an open community handling any type of digital asset ([Andreesen, 2014], [Sparkes, 2014], [UniCredit, 2016], [BitID, 2015], [PoE, 2015]). The examples of such applications and transactions range from commercial transitions, real estate transactions, energy trading, electronic voting, medical applications, and many others ([Kounelis, 2015], [Muftic, 2016]). The concept of blockchain as technology supporting validation of all such transactions is therefore called disruptive technology.
As the conclusion in this section, we may give a definition of blockchain:
Blockchain is an innovative concept, implemented as an infrastructure comprising multiple and distributed servers, mutually linked by special broadcasting and synchronization protocols, managing immutable objects with the purpose to enable and protect secure peer–to–peer transactions in a global and open environment.

1.4 Summary of Problems and Potential Solutions

In section 1.2 several problems of the Bitcoin system were mentioned and potential solutions for these problems were outlined. Recently, at the time of writing this Technical Report, several sources, mainly personal blogs and articles, appeared with very interesting opinions and statements regarding some other serious Bitcoin problems. Some of them are problems with the concept of the system, some problems of its design, and some problems of operations. In this section some of these problems are briefly summarized including suggestions for their potential solutions. The source of some problems was the article [Ein, 2018].
Problem 1: Complex Crypto Algorithms
Problem: Bitcoins is crypto currency and cryptographic algorithms used in the current version are very complex, based on the concept of proof–of–work, and require long time, special hardware and a lots of energy to perform
Potential Solution: Potential solution fro this problem is to use cryptographic algorithms that are simpler and therefore more efficient to execute and need less energy
Problems with Potential Solution: Lowering the complexity of crypto algorithms introduces vulnerability to hackers. Therefore, what is needed are strong algorithms and simple to perform for regular users and complex to break by hackers
Problem 2: Indirect Transactions, not Peer–to–Peer
Problem: Contrary to the concept claimed, in todays implementation Bitcoin payment transactions are not performed as direct, peer–to–peer transactions. They are performed indirectly, submitted to the Bitcoin network, and recipients receive them indirectly, by downloading validated transactions from the ledger
Potential Solution: Transactions should be performed directly, by transferring them directly between two users
Problems with Potential Solution: The problem with the potential solution is validation of transaction for proof of possession of Bitcoins by the sender and for prevention of double-spending. Therefore, what is needed is the protocol to validate peer–to–peer transactions.
Problem 3: Anonymity of Users not provided
Problem: Contrary to the concept claimed, in todays deployments of additional system components, mainly exchanges, users are not anonymous
Potential Solution: Blockchain–based Distributed Identity Management System with Role-based Authorizations
Problems with Potential Solution: The problem with potential solution is that it depends on trusted third parties with authorized roles. Therefore, what is needed is blockchain-based Identity Management System using hybrid (permissioned and unpermissioned) blockchain
Problem 4: Volatile Value, not suitable for Payments
Problem: Contrary to the concept claimed that Bitcoin is payment system, volatile value of the currency makes it inconvenient for payments
Potential Solution: Crypto currency with stable value
Problems with Potential Solution: The problem with the potential solution is that the value of Bitcoins is determined on the secondary market, during its trading (cash-in / cash-out). Therefore, what is needed is crypto currency that does not have volatile value
The remaining problems in this section are quoted from [Ein, 2018]:
Problem 5: Negative Environmental Impact
Problem: Mining algorithms and operational facilities (“mining farms”) consume too much electrical energy, based on the “proof-of-work” protocol
Potential Solution: Using mining algorithms that consume less energy, either as simpler / lighter crypto algorithms or using alternative crypto protocols to protect transactions integrity (“proof-of-stake”)
Problems with Potential Solution: The problem with the potential solution is that simpler / lighter algorithms open vulnerabilities to hackers while alternative crypto protocols are not backward compatible with the current system
Problem 6: Slow Performance (Delays) / Low Throughput
Problem: Due to blocking and the designed time for protection of transactions (10 minutes) Bitcoin system has very slow performance – transactions are validated in about an hour and transaction processing throughput is about 7 transactions per second
Potential Solution: Using transaction validation algorithms and protocols that do not need blocking of transactions, but transactions should be validated individually
Problems with Potential Solution: There are no serious problems with the proposed potential solution
Problem 7: Limited Number of Bitcoins
Problem: Due hardware and other types of failures, the number of available Bitcoins in the system is constantly reducing
Potential Solution: Potential solution could be to use smaller portions of Bitcoin (“Satoshi”) or introduce hard-fork by splitting the amount of available Bitcoins
Problems with Potential Solution: The problems with the first solution that it is not user-friendly and the problem with the second solution is backwards compatibility.
Problem 8: Real Value of Bitcoins
Problem: The value of Bitcoins is purely psychological and reflects only pure market speculations
Potential Solution: Potential solution could be to peg the value of Bitcoin to local fiat currencies in countries of deployments
Problems with Potential Solution: The problems with the potential solution is that such Bitcoins would be a new class of Bitcoins, not traded on exchanges and not volatile
At the end of this section, it is very interesting to quote two opinions about the future of Bitcoin and blockchain:
[Ein, 2018]: “It seems that Bitcoin will likely cease to have meaningful value*, defeating the whole point and philosophy imagined by Satoshi Nakamoto, the alleged inventor of Bitcoin. Its current value appears to be purely psychological, and the hype seems to be driven by irrational exuberance, greed and speculation. Modern human history has seen many* bubbles*, including the dot-com bubble, the housing bubble and even the tulip bubble. However, when these bubbles exploded, many excellent dot-com companies survived, most houses regained their value and tulips still have meaning and carry value in our lives today. But what will happen when the Bitcoin bubble bursts? What* utility or residual value will Bitcoin have to consumers and businesses? Most likely none*. And this is the real problem with Bitcoin and crypto currencies.*
Bitcoin will likely go down in history as a great technological invention that popularized blockchain yet failed due to its design limitations*. Just like the industrial revolution was fueled by the combustion engine, Nakamoto’s most valuable contribution is the* blockchain polymorphic engine that will further accelerate innovation in the post-information age and immensely affect our lives”.
This quote makes two very important and far–reaching predictions:
(1) Bitcoin, as the payment system will disappear (“. . . will go down in history”), and
(2) The most valuable contribution of the Bitcoin system is blockchain
This article was written in 2018. It is very interesting to notice that at the time of writing this Technical Report, (1) Bitcoin was still “alive” and (2) the concept and deployments of blockchain were in serious trouble.
Based on the principle of positive and creative approach, in the rest of this Technical Report, besides description of all technical details of the Bitcoin system, some potential solutions for its improvement will also be discussed.
However, contrary to the predicted status of Bitcoin, it seems that the predicted status of blockchain, in 2020 was still facing serious problems.
[Barber, 2019]: What's Blockchain Actually Good for, Anyway? For Now, Not Much
“Not long ago, blockchain technology was touted as a way to track tuna, bypass banks, and preserve property records. Reality has proved a much tougher challenge”.

[Lucanus, 2020]: Has Blockchain Failed Before It Even Really Began?

“Just as everyone was getting really excited about its potential, it appears blockchain is dead. For a technology that was supposed to transform and solve seemingly every problem in the world, the enthusiasm is fading pretty quickly”.
At the time of writing this Technical Report, there were many new blockchain – concepts, design and even several deployed and operational instances. Some of them are even very popular, but only among enthusiastic developers. The overall trends with real life deployments, and more and more comments about the capabilities and features of blockchains are appearing with negative connotation. Therefore, seems that even for blockchain some innovative concepts and approaches are needed. They are beyond the scope of this Technical Report and will be addressed in some of our follow-up reports.
submitted by Theus5 to btc [link] [comments]

[H] 500+ Games, Gifts, Keys, PayPal/Card [W] Offers

##Updated 27.04.19

P.s. 🂡 - Game with Cards; ☠ - Dead game P.s. It's not full list of my steam keys. 

My steam gifts list:


🂡 Shark Attack
PayDay 2

GAME PACKS:

GooCubelets 2 + GooCubelets + GooCubelets: OCD
Absconding Zatwor + Break Into Zatwor + Fiends of Imprisonment
Torch Cave 2 + Torch Cave + Sleengster + Sleengster 2 + Rage Parking Simulator 2016 + Barclay: The Marrowdale Murder
Why So Evil 2: Dystopia + Why So Evil + Brilliant Bob
Guns of Icarus Online + Guns of Icarus Alliance

UPDATED GAME LIST 27.04.2019:

PIGMENTUM
Space Guard
Battle vs Chess
ShipLord
Dungeon Puzzle VR - Solve it or die
Asteroid Bounty Hunter
Fly and Destroy
Survive in Space
Hungry Flame
Duke of Alpha Centauri
Neon Space 2
Neon Space
Spin Rush
Upside Down
Cube Runner
Slash It 2
Slash It
Warhammer 40,000: Space Marine
Battle Simulator
Voxel Race
Escape Game
Kings
Cortex
My Car
MineSweep
Christmas Race 2
Geometry Rush
SurvivalZ Battlegrounds
SurvivalZ
Obscurity
Bitcoin
Operation Desert Road
OldGrad
Running Man 3D part 2
Endless Maneuver
Love is Blind: Mutants
Elements II: Hearts of Light
World War II: Panzer Claws
World War III: Black Gold
Jack Orlando: Director's Cut
Earth 2140 HD
The I of the Dragon
KnightShift
Septerra Core
Earth 2160
Gorky 17
DEFECTIVE
Degrees
Kinaman vs Gray Elephant
Royal Heroes
OutSplit
NeoBoom
WIN THE GAME: WTF!
Unrest
Labirinto
Hummingz
AcChen
The Forgotten Void
Roulette Simulator 2
Falnarion Tactics
Wheelchair Simulator
Estellium Legends
Last Will
Disturbed: Beyond Aramor
ISLAND 404
A Story About My Uncle
Slay.one
Fallingcers
The Last Hero
Archangel
Paddle Battle
Flow:The Sliding
Dead Bits
Tumblestone
Deponia: The Complete Journey
Running Man 3D
Neoncers
PixZomb
Bouncers
PixBit
FPS - Fun Puzzle Shooter
G-DINO'S JUNGLE ADVENTURE
Ranger in Spider's den
It`s Chicken!
The Strangers
Mountain Troll
Battle Runner
Lock Parsing
FLYVALNY 20!8
WAR_WAR_WAR: Smiles vs Ghosts
Debtor
Cunning Fox
Archibald
Bio Soup
Deadly Sky
Air Tactical
When They Arrived (STEAM Key)
MineStickman
Oil Baron
Ecchi 2: compile 2D chan
Cemetery Warrior 2
Fast Rolling
FYD
Grav Grav Gravity
Hard Place
MoonDigger
Paint Skills
RGB RUN
ROAD OF DANGER
Ropelike
SEXUAL PUZZLE
Space Hero Line
Unite Cell
Accurate Segmentation 3
Army Craft
Case #9
City Escaper
Hexus
Taken Souls: Blood Ritual Collector's Edition
Kingdom of Aurelia: Mystery of the Poisoned Dagger
Witch's Pranks: Frog's Fortune Collector's Edition
Sea Legends: Phantasmal Light Collector's Edition
Dreamscapes: Nightmare's Heir - Premium Edition
Dreamscapes: The Sandman - Premium Edition
Color Cingdom
Cubic Color
Dark Snow
Genius Calculator
Hooligan Vasja: Christmas
Hooligan Vasja: Halloween
Plane War
Viking's drakkars
Empire of the Dead Souls
Shin Samurai Jazz
Psychoballs
Target speed
LEGO® The Hobbit™
Space Drift Squad
Deadly Traps
Achievement Clicker 2019
NeoSticks
Planet jump
The Scarecrow
NeoBalls2
Achievement Clicker
NeoBalls
SINISTRY SILINIUM
Insincere
Radical Spectrum: Volume 1
O! Nalchik is my favourite
Outrunner 2
Seek Love All Weapons
Seek Love All Jetpacks
The Lost Soul
Burning Instinct
Razerwire:Nanowars
Repentant
Full Metal Renegade
Boobserman
Flappy Galaxy
Redactem
MEGALONIA
Colorless Life
Grey Cubes
Lab 03 Yrinth
Five Keys to Exit
Bundle 21 game
Girlfriend Cards
HUNTER BRICK BALL
Jellyfish the Ghost
Monster MIX
Range Ball
THE E BALL
Boat Adventure
SHARK
The Last Vampire
Cute Cats PuZZles
The Searcher Wild West Adventure
Paper Shakespeare: Loves Labor(s) Lost
Rampage Online
Castle of Venia
The Mummy Pharaoh
Edge
Hunter of antiques
Sins of a Solar Empire: Rebellion
NanoScape
Cowboy Revenge
Butterfly Moment
Rocks and Rockets
Verzaken!
The Theodore Adventures
Two Worlds II Castle Defense
Iron Sky Invasion
Cab Driver Commander
In The Fighting
Fjong
Space Thinger
Sarab: Duji Tower
Oh, you touch my balls ( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°)
Playing History: Vikings
Theorem
Bounty Hunter: Space Detective
Bounty Hunter: Stampede
Precision Archery: Competitive
Shark Attack Deathmatch 2
Story of a Cube Soundtrack
Grandpa
Daddy
Beyond the Invisible: Darkness Came
Dead Dust
FlatFatCat
Gallows choice: Soundtrack
Gallows Choice
Kaleido Chaos
Void Cube Runner
Survivor in Summer
Tempo Wizard
Pilferer
Evil Come
Labyrinth Escape
21: Soundtrack
Marimba VR
Berry couple
The Putinland: Divide & Conquer
Horror Fish Simulator
梦本无忧
The Haunting of Billy
PUGNite - Soundtrack
Sufoco
Enclave
The Risers
Fruit couple
Robots Attack On Vapeland
Gold key
Lucky Shot
Forgotten Adventure
Gaze At Maze
Captain The Runner
The Legend of Protey
Which Way Out
Vinylove
Silent space VR
Not Without My Poop
Circle pong
Fish for gold
Bob The Cube
Goblins Keep Coming - Tower Defense
Fruit Sudoku 3
FreeFly Burning
Ashley: The Story Of Survival OST
Ashley: The Story Of Survival
Magic Chess
Recursive Dragon
SUPER ASTEROIDS
Kitten and food: adventure park
Labyrinths of Atlantis
Battle Of Worldviews
Putinoids VS Navalnyats - OST
Caramba!
The Orphan Dreams Soundtrack
Thick Light
Retro Dungeons [steam ke
Joy Pony
Need For Gowna
Fairyland: Power Dice
The Village: Soundtrack
Mighty Gemstones - Skins
Ochkarik
Slayer Of Traitors
Rainbow Rage Squad
Thirsty Bubble
Mighty Gemstones - Hardest Levels
Mighty Gemstones
Zomby Soldier
SCREW-NUT
BAE 2
Colony On Mars
Retro Space Shooter
Random 70 games with cards
Knights of Hearts
PIDO1
Beast Mode: Night of the Werewolf
Megatronic Void
Crappy Day Enhanced Edition
HEXOPODS
Sapper BOOM!
Tank Rush
Winner Winner Chicken Dinner!
Demon robot runner
Flying Bacon - Soundtrack
Jump to the circle
Gravity puzzles
Mission: Wolf
Robo-orders
Noise
Mechatroniks Attack
Unearthing Colossal - Soundtrack
Abstract Arena - Original Soundtrack
V nekotorom tsarstve
Guess who ?
Lost jumping frog
Dogcoin
Toy Seeker
Falling Blocks: Soundtrack
ROGALIK
Galactic Lords OST
Kamikaze Cube
The Secrets of The Forest
SPACE ASTEROID SHOOTER
Hamster Daily
SLICE
Pink Rage Otome
Supermagical
Ants! Mission of the salvation
Merry Glade
ArcBall 3: Infinity
ArcBall 2
Super Robolom
S.T.R.E.T.C.H. Soundtrack
Bear Football
Torture Chamber
Planet Unknown Runner
Fantasyland - All Heroes
Cyborg Invasion Shooter 2
The Warrior Of Treasures
Burst Into Soundtrack
Rampage Ragdoll
Clash of Castle
Real Drift
Coin Pusher
Hot Pool
PlatONIR DLC
Achievement Clicker 2020 OST
World of Feudal
The Castle Disaster
Small person
FACE
CHEXS
Underwater hunting
Wisdom of War
Shattered God
Captain Backwater
Bad Day - Extra Content
Mr Rabbit's Alphabet Forest Adventure
Dodge
Save the Halloween
ROMBY
Disposable Heroes Soundtrack
Haters, kill them all! - Ost
Hitori
Fairy of the treasures - Soundtrack
Fairy of the treasures
Nice Way
Squares
Santa's vacation
Teria
Rapid
SALVATOR
Amazon Rush
Chaos and the White Robot
Nathuz Soundtrack
SqueakyWafflez Soundtrack
Solenars Edge Rebirth
Police Patrol
Evil Spirits
Walhall
Thundering Skies
Twine3D
Origin Of Destiny - Donation #1
Moving Day
Сборник 100 игр без карт
Dokkaebi Hentai Adventures - OST
Mustache Politics Shooter
Abstract Golfing
The Binding Of YOU
Store Simulator 2018
Zombie Murder
Petrichor
M1 Soundtrack
Bitcoin Or Bomb? - OST
Russian AYE Race - OST
Christmas Race
Brick Breaker Ultimate
Gravity Ball
Space Way
Golf 2D
Solar System
Race
Bitcoin Farm
Archery Blast
Space Rocket
Stickman Jetpack
dead_file.mp3
XBall Champion
Block Competition
Knife Flipping
Lost [Can be used keys]
SQR 2
Drill Arena
Pixel Gladiator OST
Aviation Hurricane Storm
Your Ball Exploded
Learn to Drive on Moto Wars
Сборник 50 игр без карт
Dad's co-worker
Slabo?
Mover
Potatoe
Inaccessible world
rOt
Ice Cream Factory
Sunny Smiles
Planum Soundtrack
Food From The Sky
World Inside Out
Crazy Alien
Crazy Pirate
Adventures of Heroes
Combat Raccoon
Dots
Golden Fever
Stickman - Killer of Apples
Loot Box Simulator 20!8 - OST
Golf Extreme
Simulator gas station
Dragon Perception
SaveHer!
NeonGalaxy Wars
O! STRELALKA!!!
Pixel War
Douche Bag

UPDATED GAME LIST:


Project Zomboid
Amnesia Collection
The Ship: Complete Pack 🂡 ︎
12 is Better Than 6 🂡
3SwitcheD 🂡 ︎
A Story About My Uncle 🂡 ︎
AI War: Fleet Command 🂡 ︎
All Guns On Deck ︎
Ampu-Tea 🂡 ︎
AX:EL - Air XenoDawn 🂡 ︎
Battle vs Chess 🂡 ︎
Battleplan: American Civil War 🂡 ︎
Between Me and The Night 🂡 ︎
Bloop ︎
Bloop Reloaded 🂡 ︎
Breach
Broadsword : Age of Chivalry ☠ ︎
Brutal Legend 🂡 ︎
Car Mechanic Simulator 2014 ︎
Cavern Escape 🂡 ︎
Chaos Domain ︎
Chernobyl Commando ︎
Commander: Conquest of the Americas ︎
Dead Ground ︎
Defend The Highlands 🂡 ︎
Deponia: The Complete Journey 🂡 ︎
DiRT 3 Complete Edition ☠ 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
DiRT Showdown ☠ ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Dungeons 2 🂡 ︎
East India Company Gold ︎
Enclave 🂡 ︎
Enforcer: Police Crime Action 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
F1 2015 🂡 ︎
Fallout 3 *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Fortified 🂡
Galactic Civilizations II: Ultimate Edition ︎
Glacier 3: The Meltdown ︎
Glitchrunners ︎
Goat Simulator 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
GRID ☠ ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
GRID 2 🂡 ︎
GRID 2 - Bathurst Track Pack ︎
GRID 2 - Spa-Francorchamps Track Pack ︎
Guardians of Ember ☠ 🂡 ︎
Guns of Icarus Alliance
Guns of Icarus Online 🂡 ︎
Gunspell - Steam Edition ︎
Hacknet - Deluxe Edition 🂡 ︎
Heavy Gear Assault 🂡 *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Homefront ︎
Human: Fall Flat 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Iesabel ︎
Iron Sky: Invasion 🂡 ︎
Killer is Dead - Nightmare Edition 🂡 ︎
Killing Floor 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Killing Floor 2 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Knights and Merchants 🂡 ︎
Layers of Fear 🂡 ︎
Layers of Fear - Soundtrack
Lead and Gold: Gangs of the Wild West ︎
LEGO The Hobbit ☠ ︎
LEGO The Lord of the Rings ☠ ︎
Lethal Brutal Racing 🂡 ︎
Love is Blind: Mutants ☠ 🂡 ︎
Measurement Problem 🂡 ︎
Melissa K. and the Heart of Gold Collector's Edition 🂡 ︎
Merchants of Kaidan 🂡 ︎
Mysterium: A Psychic Clue Game ︎
Nux 🂡 ︎ 6
Orwell 🂡 ︎
Outlast 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Outlast: Whistleblower DLC
Pain Train 🂡 ︎
PERFECT ANGLE - The puzzle game based on optical illusions 🂡 ︎
Perfect Angle VR - Zen edition ☠ ︎
Phantom Soldier 🂡 ︎
Pirates of Black Cove Gold
Pixel Puzzles 2: Anime 🂡 ︎
Planets Under Attack 🂡 ︎
Psychonauts 🂡 ︎
Red Orchestra 2: Heroes of Stalingrad with Rising Storm 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Robowars 🂡 ︎
S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Clear Sky ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Sanctum 2 🂡 ︎
Satellite Reign 🂡 ︎
Scribblenauts Unlimited 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Shadow Warrior: Special Edition 🂡 ︎
Shadowrun Returns Deluxe 🂡 ︎
ShipLord 🂡 ︎
Sid Meier's Civilization III Complete ︎
Slash It 🂡 ︎
Sleeping Valley 🂡 ︎
Solarix 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Space Farmers 🂡 ︎
SPACECOM 🂡 ︎
Sparkle 2 Evo 🂡 ︎
Spec Ops: The Line ︎
Speed Kills 🂡 ︎
Star Phoenix 🂡 ︎
Street Racing Syndicate 🂡 ︎
The 39 Steps 🂡 ︎
The Bureau: XCOM Declassified 🂡 ︎
The Darkness II ︎
The Flame in the Flood 🂡 ︎
The I of The Dragon 🂡 ︎
The Red Solstice 🂡 ︎
The Walking Dead ☠ 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Tropico 4 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Two Worlds II Castle Defense 🂡 ︎
Two Worlds: Epic Edition 🂡 ︎
Vapour 🂡 ︎
Vertical Drop Heroes HD ︎
Violett - Soundtrack Edition 🂡 ︎
Warhammer 40,000: Space Marine 🂡
Whispering Willows 🂡 ︎
X-COM: UFO Defense
Yelaxot ☠ 🂡

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!VERY CHEAP PRICES FOR STUFF WITH - *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! 

POPULAR:

🂡 The I of the Dragon
🂡Taimumari
🂡Obscure Realm

Unsorted games expencive and cheep

P.s. Ask about some games, like GRID. Here's GRID 2, not GRID. Removed numbers from txt document, so...

🂡 Arcane Double Pack Deluxe
🂡 Topware RTS Collection
🂡 Topware RPG Collection
🂡 Topware Action Collection
Guns of Icarus Online + Guns of Icarus Alliance
🂡 Epic Mayhem
🂡 The fall of gods
🂡 GRID
🂡 The Troma Project
🂡 D ParticleGen Visual FX
🂡 Warhammer ,: Space Marine
🂡 Air Threat
🂡 A Story About My Uncle
🂡 Silence in Space - Season One
🂡 Chicken Shoot
🂡 Lost Crew
🂡 Vapour
🂡 Demon Horde Master
🂡 Mosaics Galore
🂡 Orwell: Keeping an Eye On You
🂡 Magma Chamber
🂡 TWIN BROS
🂡 Sometimes: Success Requires Sacrifice
🂡 Danny's War
🂡 Inverted
🂡 Repulsanoid
🂡 Gum Guy
🂡 Lepofrenia
Kontrakt
🂡 ConflictCraft
🂡 Perfect Fit - Totemland
🂡 The Ship: Murder Party
🂡 Final Bravely
🂡 Measurement Problem
🂡 Vendetta - Curse of Raven's Cry
🂡 Trianguluv
🂡 Millennium - A New Hope
🂡 Two Worlds II HD - Call of the Tenebrae
🂡 Aircraft War X
🂡 Deponia: The Complete Journey
Little elf
🂡 False Shelter
🂡 Magma Tsunami
Lonely shooter
🂡 HOURS
🂡 Phantom Soldier
🂡 Zombie Zoeds
🂡 The Last Hope
🂡 Two Worlds II HD
🂡 Dungeon Creepster
🂡 Hacknet
🂡 Layers of Fear
🂡 Project First Contact
🂡 Taimumari
🂡 Story of a Cube
🂡 Clickdraw Clicker
🂡 Nash Racing
🂡 Battle for Enlor
🂡 ANIMALITY
🂡 Pain Train
🂡 MY FIGHT
🂡 Satellite Reign
☠ 🂡 Raven’s Cry (Historical Version)
🂡 Obscure Realm
Bacterium / 生命之旅
🂡 Heavy Gear Assault
🂡 The Crypts of Anak Shaba - VR
🂡 Mission: Escape from Island
🂡 ReignMaker
🂡 Zpeciation: Tough Days (TD)
Breach
🂡 Shadowrun Returns
🂡 Aftercharge
🂡 Enola
🂡 KnightShift
🂡 Chicken Shoot Gold
🂡 RoBoRumble
🂡 World War II: Panzer Claws
🂡 Battle vs Chess
🂡 Soldiers Lost Forever (-)
🂡 Dream Pinball D
🂡 PIGMENTUM
🂡 Heli Heroes
🂡 X-Blades
☠ 🂡 Nebula Online
🂡 World War III: Black Gold
🂡 Knights and Merchants
🂡 Star Phoenix
Dead Ground
🂡 Earth
🂡 Planets Under Attack
🂡 Two Worlds Epic Edition
🂡 Septerra Core
🂡 Picross Fairytale - nonogram: Red Riding Hood secret
🂡 Earth
🂡 Gorky
🂡 Enclave
🂡 SwitcheD
🂡 Earth Trilogy
🂡 Two Worlds II Castle Defense
🂡 SAMOLIOTIK
🂡 Are You Ready?
🂡 Other Tanks
🂡 Zzzz-Zzzz-Zzzz
🂡 Katy and Bob: Safari Cafe
🂡 Jagged Alliance - Wildfire
🂡 Dispatcher
🂡 SINISTRY SILINIUM
🂡 Galactic Fighter
🂡 Jack Orlando: Director's Cut
🂡 Iron Sky: Invasion
🂡 Love in the Glen
🂡 AI War: Fleet Command
🂡 One Last Chance
🂡 The Maze : Endless nightmare
🂡 Darconika: The Cube of Soul
🂡 is Better Than
🂡 My Name is You
🂡 Red Death
🂡 Invasion: Brain Craving
🂡 Last Days of Spring Visual Novel
🂡 Anykey Simulator
🂡 Iron Impact
🂡 Experience
🂡 Under Zero
🂡 True Lover's Knot
🂡 Inexistence
🂡 Cubium Dreams
🂡 Pixel Russia Streets
🂡 Legion Tale
🂡 Let's Draw
🂡 Tribal Pass
🂡 Little Kite
🂡 Detective Noir
🂡 Stickmageddon
🂡 The Flame in the Flood
🂡 Take Thy Throne
🂡 Heaven Island Life
🂡 Sleight
🂡 Desolate Wastes: Vendor Chronicles
🂡 Castle Werewolf D
🂡 Tourists Kidnapped a Little Bear
🂡 Journey To The Center Of The Earth
🂡 The Spirit Underneath
🂡 Germination
🂡 Masha Rescues Grandma
🂡 Head Shot
🂡 Invasion
🂡 Escape The Past
🂡 Big Journey to Home
🂡 Bloody Boobs
🂡 Existence speed
🂡 Purgatory
🂡 Super GunWorld
🂡 Dreaming Sarah
🂡 Mosaics Galore
🂡 SQR
🂡 Dungeon of Elements
🂡 WALLSLIDE
🂡 What's under your blanket !?
🂡 NeverEnd
🂡 Alter World
🂡 Star Project
🂡 Deadly
🂡 Swipecart
🂡 Roomscale Coaster
🂡 Crazy Oafish Ultra Blocks Big Sale
🂡 Marble Duel
🂡 The Sun Never Sets
☠ 🂡 Pressure
☠ 🂡 Landfill
Earth : The Moon Project
Earth : Escape from the Blue Planet
☠ 🂡 Marwin and The Evolution Stone
☠ Epic PVP Castles
☠ Don't Fall
☠ Lock Parsing
☠ 🂡 Showtime!
☠ 🂡 Adventures of Hooi
Check vs Mate - Dark Dessert DLC
Check vs Mate - Floating Island DLC
Little Kite - Original Soundtrack
Story of a Cube Soundtrack
Black Hole Hazard Soundtrack
Gorky - Soundtrack
Gorky – Digital Deluxe Content
Enclave - Digital Deluxe Content
Reflection of Mine - Soundtrack
Battle vs Chess - Dark Desert DLC
Two Worlds II - Pirates of the Flying Fortress
Battle vs Chess - Floating Island DLC
Reflection of Mine - Wallpapers
Two Worlds II - Call of the Tenebrae
Raven's Cry - Digital Deluxe Edition (Historical Version)
☠ Pirates of Black Cove Gold
Cold Blooded Cube
The Art Of Knuckle Sandwich
Morendar: Goblin Slayer
my dream
Destroy_the_devil
Cludbugz's Twisted Magic
Save the village chief
Experience
☠ Commander: Conquest of the Americas Gold
☠ East India Company Gold
Check vs Mate
Gunspell - Steam Edition
Yatsumitsu Fists of Wrath
Sid Meier's Civilization® III Complete
The God Paradox
Space Leprechaun
Trackless
Outline
Solar Battle Glargaz
Kicking Kittens: Putin Saves The World
Depth Siege Atlantis
MATH SPEED CHALLENGE
MATH PROBLEM CHALLENGE
Bit-Boom
QLORB
QLORB
Poultry Panic
Destination Dungeon: Crypts of Warthallow
XORPLE
STRETCH
Big Day
Stefanos Sizzling Pizza Pie
Digit Daze
🂡 Hyperdrive Massacre
Bathroom Chef
FPS - Fun Puzzle Shooter
Fitzzle Mighty Bears
Genetic Disaster
☠ BLED NAVALNY
🂡 What The Heck, Dude?
🂡 Starship Annihilator
☠ 🂡 Road Madness
🂡 RiotZ
🂡 AXYOS
🂡 RYAN BLACK
🂡 MY FIGHT
🂡 QUBIC
🂡 Outrunner
🂡 Neon Arena
🂡 Alice's Patchwork
🂡 Operation Breakout
🂡 JASEM: Just Another Shooter with Electronic Music
🂡 JiPS
🂡 Revenge of Roger Rouge
🂡 Oracle
🂡 Radioactive Puzzle
🂡 Drop The Bomb
🂡 Tumblestone [TRIAL]
🂡 Crispy Chicken
🂡 One Wish
🂡 Tribloos
🂡 Shoot Paint
🂡 Village Story
🂡 Other Tanks
Through Blocks
🂡 The Rake: Red Forest
🂡 PixBit
🂡 Experience
🂡 The Note
🂡 My Super Tower
🂡 Hell`s Little Story
🂡 NUKED KNIGHT
🂡 Star Project
🂡 Streng Check
🂡 Dark Project
Chicken Shoot Gold (+)
Arcane preRaise+Arcane RERaise
New Reality Studio Pack
☠ 🂡 North Side
☠ 🂡 To the home
☠ 🂡 Trashville
☠ 🂡 Turn Around
☠ 🂡 Piximalism
☠ 🂡 Nicolay's Adventure
☠ 🂡 Catacomb Explorers
☠ 🂡 Western Adventure
☠ 🂡 Cube Master
☠ 🂡 Pressure
☠ 🂡 Uncrowded
☠ 🂡 Nebula Online
☠ 🂡 Reed
🂡 Jack Orlando: Director's Cut
🂡 Enclave
🂡 Earth HD
🂡 Earth Trilogy
🂡 Two Worlds: Epic Edition
🂡 SwitcheD
🂡 Two Worlds II Castle Defense
🂡 Dream Pinball D
🂡 Planets Under Attack
🂡 Heli Heroes
🂡 X-Blades
🂡 Chicken Shoot Gold
🂡 World War III: Black Gold
🂡 Jagged Alliance - Wildfire
🂡 World War II: Panzer Claws
🂡 Chicken Shoot
🂡 Gorky
🂡 Iron Sky: Invasion
🂡 Battle vs Chess
🂡 Knights and Merchants
🂡 Earth
🂡 KnightShift
🂡 RoBoRumble
🂡 Septerra Core
🂡 The I of the Dragon
🂡 Purgatory II
🂡 Warfront Defenders: Westerplatte
🂡 Rabiez: Epidemic
🂡 So Many Cubes
🂡 Data Hacker: Corruption
🂡 Data Hacker: Initiation
🂡 The Dreamlord
🂡 AI: Rampage
🂡 POLYWAR
🂡 Drift (Over) Drive
🂡 Deadly Animal Duel
🂡 Atonement: Scourge of Time
🂡 Atonement : Ruptured by Despair
🂡 Broken Dreams
🂡 City of Chains
☠ 🂡 Elements: Soul of Fire
🂡 Guardians of Victoria
🂡 Hero Quest: Tower Conflict
🂡 Incitement
🂡 Invasion: Brain Craving
☠ 🂡 Love is Blind: Mutants
🂡 rooMaze
🂡 SweatShop
🂡 Vindictive Drive
🂡 Hyposphere
🂡 Langoth
🂡 Merger D
🂡 NeverEnd
🂡 Adventures On The Polluted Islands
🂡 BitMaster
🂡 Crab Dub
🂡 Cyber City : The Visual Novel
🂡 Bacteria
🂡 Liveza Death of the Earth
🂡 Citalis
🂡 Madrobot X
🂡 Black Sand Drift
🂡 Cranium Conundrum
🂡 The Pasture
🂡 Save the Ninja Clan
🂡 Energy Cycle
🂡 Machine Made: Rebirth
🂡 Russian SuperHero Dead Ivan
🂡 Make it indie!
🂡 NORTH
🂡 Retention
🂡 Just Hero
🂡 Gone In November
🂡 Energy Cycle Collector's Edition
🂡 Energy Balance
🂡 Dear RED - Extended
🂡 Puzzle Galaxies
🂡 Heaven Forest - VR MMO
🂡 Heaven Forest NIGHTS
🂡 Heaven Island - VR MMO
🂡 The Deer
🂡 Catch a Falling Star
🂡 Lup
☠ 🂡 Unalive
☠ 🂡 Forbidden planet
🂡 Dead Bits (GAME + SOUNDTRACK)
🂡 Overcast - Walden and the Werewolf
☠ 🂡 Fergus The Fly
🂡 Jumping Tank
🂡 aMAZE
🂡 aMAZE
🂡 A Detective's Novel
🂡 The Orb Chambers II
🂡 Dungetris[ЕСТЬ ДУБЛИ В ТОВАРЕ]
🂡 Finnish Roller
🂡 Alchemyland
🂡 Alien Hostage
🂡 BitRay
🂡 ORBITAL
🂡 The Astral Hero
🂡 Trouble In The Manor
🂡 Fluffy
🂡 SAMOLIOTIK
🂡 Lost Moon
🂡 Time Ramesside (A New Reckoning)
🂡 Tomato Way
🂡 Despair
🂡 CRACKHEAD
🂡 Slingshot people
Soldier of Failure
Breakout Invaders
Tompi Jones
Protect your planet
Space Googy
☠ Space Ranger vs Reptiloids
Mover
Pixel Car
Hell in Paradise
Sky Dodge[ЕСТЬ ДУБЛИ В ТОВАРЕ]
Airbo
The Slug
☠ O! STRELALKA!!!
The Duller
ROS
Light Cube
Froggy BOI
ORIX!
☠ Pixel War
Save The Villy
Super B-Dino's adventures
RaKoval~Nya: Escape Edition
☠ Simulator gas station
☠ AOK Adventures Of Kok
Kim Jong-Boom
No Lights
FreeFly Burning
Cyber Utopia
Numberline
☠ NeonGalaxy Wars
Happy Santa
Lucky Panda
Soldier of Failure: Operation Zombie
Soldier of Failure
☠ Psi Project
Little Dog
Forest Guardian
Iron Knight
Crazy Scientist
Eared Hero
Caveman Alive
Dark Maze
Flow:The Sliding
☠ OHOTA KREPKOE
illie
Stone Flower
Battle of Frigates
CRYLINE
☠ HardBall
☠ Adventure Rage
Cuco
Old School FOTD
☠ Circle Ball
☠ Make Border Great Again!
Prison Chainball Massacre
Yashik
DAMN!
Plane War
DeFaster
Gun-Running War Dogs
Super Mr Kake
Travildorn
ClickOFast
The Brave Mouse
Project Druid - D Labyrinth Explorer-
aMAZE D
☠ AppleSnake
Kama Bullet Heritage
Deadly Sky
Botology - Map "Zerex" for Survival Mode
Botology - Map "Targul" for Survival Mode
Botology - Map "Sartilus" for Survival Mode
Botology - Map "Barazin" for Survival Mode
Darkness Assault - New Costumes
Darkness Assault - Extra guns
Darkness Assault - Soundtrack
Black Sand Drift Collector's Edition Content
Heaven Island VR MMO - Paradisac Soundtrack
Bacteria Soundtrack
Bequest
Bacteria Collector's Edition Content
Office Battle - Brutal Mode
Crab Dub Soundtrack
Energy Balance Soundtrack
Energy Cycle Collector's Edition Content
Energy Cycle Soundtrack
Farnham Fables Tape Episode
Gone In November Collector's Edition Content
Hexoscope Collector's Edition Content
Hexoscope OST
Hiiro - Collector's Edition Content
It's Spring Again Collector's Edition Content
Just Hero Soundtrack
Turn Around DLC - Additional Campaign # - Slaughterhouse
Turn Around DLC - Additional Campaign # - The village of grandfather
SAMOLIOTIK - SOUNDTRACK
Sophia (for Athopiu)
Disastr_Blastr - Soundtrack_to_Disastr
Stones of Sorrow - Soundtrack by Neoandertals
Genius Greedy Mouse: Greedy of XOR
Wordlase - Soundtrack
HardBall Soundtracks
NGHTMN Soundtrecks
Cyber Utopia - Artworks
🂡 Story of a Cube
One Manga Day - Bonus Content
Tower Mode
Kabitis in Bibou's Game
PHAT PHROG UNCAGED
Project Pulsation - Soundtracks
Creature Clicker - Starter Pack
Creature Clicker - Supporter Pack
Creature Clicker - Deluxe Pack
Infinitum - Soundtracks
ZION - Soundtracks
submitted by GoldTVcast to SteamGameSwap [link] [comments]

What is bad about bitcoin?

What is bad about bitcoin?

https://preview.redd.it/efwk0tmidmw31.png?width=2560&format=png&auto=webp&s=7952d767bc7054084216de931c2c2ecf7d2c564e
In recent days, bitcoin is almost the most popular topic. In just a few hours, its value could rise by a thousand dollars, or it could fall. Cryptocurrency, which once cost about a cent, is now bought for 10 thousand dollars, and the interest in it is huge. Now I will try to explain why Bitcoin is not an ideal solution to human problems.

Bitcoin is not regulated by any state. It's good. But bad, too

Who has the right to print money-the state or independent structures? Now, without exception, all countries believe that the state: it collects taxes, and prints the currency in which these taxes are collected. As soon as we break this chain, there are opportunities for all kinds of abuses-and for tax evasion, and for the financing of terrorism, and for the laundering of money obtained through criminal means.
https://preview.redd.it/i1624668hmw31.png?width=1366&format=png&auto=webp&s=c0969d60d97fa6e6fcbac052676074051ccaa571
"Bitcoin shows how great is the need for ways to launder funds," says Larry Fink, head of the management company BlackRock Financial Management, and most bankers and officials around the world agree with him.
The lack of a regulator is a good advertising sign, but it's actually a bit of guile. Control of the cryptocurrency is distributed among Chinese manners, who own most of the computing power, software developers and exchange platforms. And they can not agree on a single development of bitcoin.

Bitcoin for many is a replacement for roulette

Or, in financial parlance, it's a great asset to speculate on. Buying bitcoins is relatively simple, does not require any special knowledge and trips to investment companies. The cryptocurrency has very sharp fluctuations, which attracts a lot of "gamblers" — those who bet rather than invest-to "play" with the rate. This only increases the fluctuations and makes Bitcoin look like a pyramid scheme.
https://preview.redd.it/fuytmxwtdmw31.png?width=1498&format=png&auto=webp&s=aa2c9430c0eb88da4cf661edf4be23fa8ff67d8e

Bitcoin is very similar to the "bubble"

At the time of the famous pyramid MMM critics warned: no asset in the world can not provide a yield of hundreds of percent per year. Bitcoin for the year has risen in price by 15 times, and it is increasingly compared to the "dotcom bubble" that burst in the early 2000s. then investors overestimated the economy associated with the Internet, not fully understanding its capabilities and device. There is a feeling that investors in bitcoin also do not understand how it works or what it can be used for.
https://preview.redd.it/zffhiq1bgmw31.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=d94337f21d4f0007f3c9e81d6f2b869f9bb05258

Miners spend a huge amount of energy

Mining is required to create new coins and make transactions. Bitcoin uses a scheme for this process, which involves carrying out a huge number of calculations and turns into a waste of a large amount of energy. With the rising cost of cryptocurrency mining new bitcoins is becoming more profitable. Therefore, miners are increasing the capacity of their systems, and more and more energy is consumed. Now so much energy is spent on maintaining the work of bitcoin that it would be enough for some countries. Soon, according to this indicator, the cryptocurrency will overtake the energy consumption of Serbia, Denmark, and then Belarus.
In other words, for the system to function, we need to burn a huge amount of oil, gas and other raw materials. Is it worth it?

Bitcoin does not perform socially useful functions

This argument is more philosophical than economic, although expressed by economists. Usually an asset is worth something because it is useful: we understand why we are willing to pay for oil, iPhones, hamburgers and so on — because all of this, roughly speaking, makes the world a better place. Bitcoin, according to economists — for example, Nobel laureate Joseph Stiglitz-does not change the world.
In response, one could argue that bitcoin and everything that happens around it is a test of the idea of cryptocurrencies for strength, which means that there is still a benefit, but is this benefit commensurate with the value of Bitcoin?

Bitcoin is an imperfect cryptocurrency

A huge number of different cryptocurrencies are trying to correct the shortcomings of bitcoin. As a result, there are already cryptocurrencies that provide:

  • an increase in the number of transactions
  • other schemes for creating blocks that do not turn into a large consumption of electricity
  • full anonymity to participants of transactions
  • concealment from observers of transaction sizes
  • the use of new promising technologies such as smart contracts
  • no restrictions on the number of new coins
submitted by AVAY11 to u/AVAY11 [link] [comments]

10-23 00:44 - 'Bitcoin as a currency is unsustainable... / Security and Trust: Millions of dollars worth of bitcoin lost by hacks, lost passwords and mismanagement. Mt. Gox, Coincheck, Binance, Bitconnect to name few. / We may have solve...' by /u/jucoin2000 removed from /r/Bitcoin within 264-274min

'''
Bitcoin as a currency is unsustainable...
Security and Trust: Millions of dollars worth of bitcoin lost by hacks, lost passwords and mismanagement. Mt. Gox, Coincheck, Binance, Bitconnect to name few.
We may have solved the problem with trust through block chain...We just don’t know if trust is a problem that technology can ever truly solve as long as humans are the ones using it.
Cost effectiveness: Blockchain is very expensive for its functionality, computers working around the clock to maintain distributed ledgers using more energy than many entire country’s put together.
Efficiency: Bitcoin has painfully slow transactions times. Visa’s payment network can deal with 24,000 transactions per second and bitcoin just a measly 7.
So even though giant centralised organisations sometimes abuse our trust they are also fast, typically safe and convenient.
Bitcoin is a currency experiment that will inevitably fail for its intended use, but before that time and due to its erratic changes in value there will be potential money and profit to be made from the instability.
Its possible that “Blockchain” will revolutionise a lot more than just money, although as yet i am not clear as to what that will be.
Conclusion: Make your money before the bitcoin bubble bursts...and it will.....
'''
Context Link
Go1dfish undelete link
unreddit undelete link
Author: jucoin2000
submitted by removalbot to removalbot [link] [comments]

[H] 700+ Games, Gifts, Keys, PayPal/Card [W] Offers

##Updated 28.04.19

P.s. 🂡 - Game with Cards; ☠ - Dead game P.s. It's not full list of my steam keys. 

My steam gifts list:


🂡 Shark Attack
PayDay 2

GAME PACKS:

GooCubelets 2 + GooCubelets + GooCubelets: OCD
Absconding Zatwor + Break Into Zatwor + Fiends of Imprisonment
Torch Cave 2 + Torch Cave + Sleengster + Sleengster 2 + Rage Parking Simulator 2016 + Barclay: The Marrowdale Murder
Why So Evil 2: Dystopia + Why So Evil + Brilliant Bob
Guns of Icarus Online + Guns of Icarus Alliance

UPDATED GAME LIST 28.04.2019:

PIGMENTUM
Space Guard
Battle vs Chess
ShipLord
Dungeon Puzzle VR - Solve it or die
Asteroid Bounty Hunter
Fly and Destroy
Survive in Space
Hungry Flame
Duke of Alpha Centauri
Neon Space 2
Neon Space
Spin Rush
Upside Down
Cube Runner
Slash It 2
Slash It
Warhammer 40,000: Space Marine
Battle Simulator
Voxel Race
Escape Game
Kings
Cortex
My Car
MineSweep
Christmas Race 2
Geometry Rush
SurvivalZ Battlegrounds
SurvivalZ
Obscurity
Bitcoin
Operation Desert Road
OldGrad
Running Man 3D part 2
Endless Maneuver
Love is Blind: Mutants
Elements II: Hearts of Light
World War II: Panzer Claws
World War III: Black Gold
Jack Orlando: Director's Cut
Earth 2140 HD
The I of the Dragon
KnightShift
Septerra Core
Earth 2160
Gorky 17
DEFECTIVE
Degrees
Kinaman vs Gray Elephant
Royal Heroes
OutSplit
NeoBoom
WIN THE GAME: WTF!
Unrest
Labirinto
Hummingz
AcChen
The Forgotten Void
Roulette Simulator 2
Falnarion Tactics
Wheelchair Simulator
Estellium Legends
Last Will
Disturbed: Beyond Aramor
ISLAND 404
A Story About My Uncle
Slay.one
Fallingcers
The Last Hero
Archangel
Paddle Battle
Flow:The Sliding
Dead Bits
Tumblestone
Deponia: The Complete Journey
Running Man 3D
Neoncers
PixZomb
Bouncers
PixBit
FPS - Fun Puzzle Shooter
G-DINO'S JUNGLE ADVENTURE
Ranger in Spider's den
It`s Chicken!
The Strangers
Mountain Troll
Battle Runner
Lock Parsing
FLYVALNY 20!8
WAR_WAR_WAR: Smiles vs Ghosts
Debtor
Cunning Fox
Archibald
Bio Soup
Deadly Sky
Air Tactical
When They Arrived (STEAM Key)
MineStickman
Oil Baron
Ecchi 2: compile 2D chan
Cemetery Warrior 2
Fast Rolling
FYD
Grav Grav Gravity
Hard Place
MoonDigger
Paint Skills
RGB RUN
ROAD OF DANGER
Ropelike
SEXUAL PUZZLE
Space Hero Line
Unite Cell
Accurate Segmentation 3
Army Craft
Case #9
City Escaper
Hexus
Taken Souls: Blood Ritual Collector's Edition
Kingdom of Aurelia: Mystery of the Poisoned Dagger
Witch's Pranks: Frog's Fortune Collector's Edition
Sea Legends: Phantasmal Light Collector's Edition
Dreamscapes: Nightmare's Heir - Premium Edition
Dreamscapes: The Sandman - Premium Edition
Color Cingdom
Cubic Color
Dark Snow
Genius Calculator
Hooligan Vasja: Christmas
Hooligan Vasja: Halloween
Plane War
Viking's drakkars
Empire of the Dead Souls
Shin Samurai Jazz
Psychoballs
Target speed
LEGO® The Hobbit™
Space Drift Squad
Deadly Traps
Achievement Clicker 2019
NeoSticks
Planet jump
The Scarecrow
NeoBalls2
Achievement Clicker
NeoBalls
SINISTRY SILINIUM
Insincere
Radical Spectrum: Volume 1
O! Nalchik is my favourite
Outrunner 2
Seek Love All Weapons
Seek Love All Jetpacks
The Lost Soul
Burning Instinct
Razerwire:Nanowars
Repentant
Full Metal Renegade
Boobserman
Flappy Galaxy
Redactem
MEGALONIA
Colorless Life
Grey Cubes
Lab 03 Yrinth
Five Keys to Exit
Bundle 21 game
Girlfriend Cards
HUNTER BRICK BALL
Jellyfish the Ghost
Monster MIX
Range Ball
THE E BALL
Boat Adventure
SHARK
The Last Vampire
Cute Cats PuZZles
The Searcher Wild West Adventure
Paper Shakespeare: Loves Labor(s) Lost
Rampage Online
Castle of Venia
The Mummy Pharaoh
Edge
Hunter of antiques
Sins of a Solar Empire: Rebellion
NanoScape
Cowboy Revenge
Butterfly Moment
Rocks and Rockets
Verzaken!
The Theodore Adventures
Two Worlds II Castle Defense
Iron Sky Invasion
Cab Driver Commander
In The Fighting
Fjong
Space Thinger
Sarab: Duji Tower
Oh, you touch my balls ( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°)
Playing History: Vikings
Theorem
Bounty Hunter: Space Detective
Bounty Hunter: Stampede
Precision Archery: Competitive
Shark Attack Deathmatch 2
Story of a Cube Soundtrack
Grandpa
Daddy
Beyond the Invisible: Darkness Came
Dead Dust
FlatFatCat
Gallows choice: Soundtrack
Gallows Choice
Kaleido Chaos
Void Cube Runner
Survivor in Summer
Tempo Wizard
Pilferer
Evil Come
Labyrinth Escape
21: Soundtrack
Marimba VR
Berry couple
The Putinland: Divide & Conquer
Horror Fish Simulator
梦本无忧
The Haunting of Billy
PUGNite - Soundtrack
Sufoco
Enclave
The Risers
Fruit couple
Robots Attack On Vapeland
Gold key
Lucky Shot
Forgotten Adventure
Gaze At Maze
Captain The Runner
The Legend of Protey
Which Way Out
Vinylove
Silent space VR
Not Without My Poop
Circle pong
Fish for gold
Bob The Cube
Goblins Keep Coming - Tower Defense
Fruit Sudoku 3
FreeFly Burning
Ashley: The Story Of Survival OST
Ashley: The Story Of Survival
Magic Chess
Recursive Dragon
SUPER ASTEROIDS
Kitten and food: adventure park
Labyrinths of Atlantis
Battle Of Worldviews
Putinoids VS Navalnyats - OST
Caramba!
The Orphan Dreams Soundtrack
Thick Light
Retro Dungeons [steam ke
Joy Pony
Need For Gowna
Fairyland: Power Dice
The Village: Soundtrack
Mighty Gemstones - Skins
Ochkarik
Slayer Of Traitors
Rainbow Rage Squad
Thirsty Bubble
Mighty Gemstones - Hardest Levels
Mighty Gemstones
Zomby Soldier
SCREW-NUT
BAE 2
Colony On Mars
Retro Space Shooter
Random 70 games with cards
Knights of Hearts
PIDO1
Beast Mode: Night of the Werewolf
Megatronic Void
Crappy Day Enhanced Edition
HEXOPODS
Sapper BOOM!
Tank Rush
Winner Winner Chicken Dinner!
Demon robot runner
Flying Bacon - Soundtrack
Jump to the circle
Gravity puzzles
Mission: Wolf
Robo-orders
Noise
Mechatroniks Attack
Unearthing Colossal - Soundtrack
Abstract Arena - Original Soundtrack
V nekotorom tsarstve
Guess who ?
Lost jumping frog
Dogcoin
Toy Seeker
Falling Blocks: Soundtrack
ROGALIK
Galactic Lords OST
Kamikaze Cube
The Secrets of The Forest
SPACE ASTEROID SHOOTER
Hamster Daily
SLICE
Pink Rage Otome
Supermagical
Ants! Mission of the salvation
Merry Glade
ArcBall 3: Infinity
ArcBall 2
Super Robolom
S.T.R.E.T.C.H. Soundtrack
Bear Football
Torture Chamber
Planet Unknown Runner
Fantasyland - All Heroes
Cyborg Invasion Shooter 2
The Warrior Of Treasures
Burst Into Soundtrack
Rampage Ragdoll
Clash of Castle
Real Drift
Coin Pusher
Hot Pool
PlatONIR DLC
Achievement Clicker 2020 OST
World of Feudal
The Castle Disaster
Small person
FACE
CHEXS
Underwater hunting
Wisdom of War
Shattered God
Captain Backwater
Bad Day - Extra Content
Mr Rabbit's Alphabet Forest Adventure
Dodge
Save the Halloween
ROMBY
Disposable Heroes Soundtrack
Haters, kill them all! - Ost
Hitori
Fairy of the treasures - Soundtrack
Fairy of the treasures
Nice Way
Squares
Santa's vacation
Teria
Rapid
SALVATOR
Amazon Rush
Chaos and the White Robot
Nathuz Soundtrack
SqueakyWafflez Soundtrack
Solenars Edge Rebirth
Police Patrol
Evil Spirits
Walhall
Thundering Skies
Twine3D
Origin Of Destiny - Donation #1
Moving Day
Сборник 100 игр без карт
Dokkaebi Hentai Adventures - OST
Mustache Politics Shooter
Abstract Golfing
The Binding Of YOU
Store Simulator 2018
Zombie Murder
Petrichor
M1 Soundtrack
Bitcoin Or Bomb? - OST
Russian AYE Race - OST
Christmas Race
Brick Breaker Ultimate
Gravity Ball
Space Way
Golf 2D
Solar System
Race
Bitcoin Farm
Archery Blast
Space Rocket
Stickman Jetpack
dead_file.mp3
XBall Champion
Block Competition
Knife Flipping
Lost [Can be used keys]
SQR 2
Drill Arena
Pixel Gladiator OST
Aviation Hurricane Storm
Your Ball Exploded
Learn to Drive on Moto Wars
Сборник 50 игр без карт
Dad's co-worker
Slabo?
Mover
Potatoe
Inaccessible world
rOt
Ice Cream Factory
Sunny Smiles
Planum Soundtrack
Food From The Sky
World Inside Out
Crazy Alien
Crazy Pirate
Adventures of Heroes
Combat Raccoon
Dots
Golden Fever
Stickman - Killer of Apples
Loot Box Simulator 20!8 - OST
Golf Extreme
Simulator gas station
Dragon Perception
SaveHer!
NeonGalaxy Wars
O! STRELALKA!!!
Pixel War
Douche Bag

UPDATED GAME LIST:


Project Zomboid
Amnesia Collection
The Ship: Complete Pack 🂡 ︎
12 is Better Than 6 🂡
3SwitcheD 🂡 ︎
A Story About My Uncle 🂡 ︎
AI War: Fleet Command 🂡 ︎
All Guns On Deck ︎
Ampu-Tea 🂡 ︎
AX:EL - Air XenoDawn 🂡 ︎
Battle vs Chess 🂡 ︎
Battleplan: American Civil War 🂡 ︎
Between Me and The Night 🂡 ︎
Bloop ︎
Bloop Reloaded 🂡 ︎
Breach
Broadsword : Age of Chivalry ☠ ︎
Brutal Legend 🂡 ︎
Car Mechanic Simulator 2014 ︎
Cavern Escape 🂡 ︎
Chaos Domain ︎
Chernobyl Commando ︎
Commander: Conquest of the Americas ︎
Dead Ground ︎
Defend The Highlands 🂡 ︎
Deponia: The Complete Journey 🂡 ︎
DiRT 3 Complete Edition ☠ 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
DiRT Showdown ☠ ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Dungeons 2 🂡 ︎
East India Company Gold ︎
Enclave 🂡 ︎
Enforcer: Police Crime Action 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
F1 2015 🂡 ︎
Fallout 3 *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Fortified 🂡
Galactic Civilizations II: Ultimate Edition ︎
Glacier 3: The Meltdown ︎
Glitchrunners ︎
Goat Simulator 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
GRID ☠ ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
GRID 2 🂡 ︎
GRID 2 - Bathurst Track Pack ︎
GRID 2 - Spa-Francorchamps Track Pack ︎
Guardians of Ember ☠ 🂡 ︎
Guns of Icarus Alliance
Guns of Icarus Online 🂡 ︎
Gunspell - Steam Edition ︎
Hacknet - Deluxe Edition 🂡 ︎
Heavy Gear Assault 🂡 *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Homefront ︎
Human: Fall Flat 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Iesabel ︎
Iron Sky: Invasion 🂡 ︎
Killer is Dead - Nightmare Edition 🂡 ︎
Killing Floor 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Killing Floor 2 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Knights and Merchants 🂡 ︎
Layers of Fear 🂡 ︎
Layers of Fear - Soundtrack
Lead and Gold: Gangs of the Wild West ︎
LEGO The Hobbit ☠ ︎
LEGO The Lord of the Rings ☠ ︎
Lethal Brutal Racing 🂡 ︎
Love is Blind: Mutants ☠ 🂡 ︎
Measurement Problem 🂡 ︎
Melissa K. and the Heart of Gold Collector's Edition 🂡 ︎
Merchants of Kaidan 🂡 ︎
Mysterium: A Psychic Clue Game ︎
Nux 🂡 ︎ 6
Orwell 🂡 ︎
Outlast 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Outlast: Whistleblower DLC
Pain Train 🂡 ︎
PERFECT ANGLE - The puzzle game based on optical illusions 🂡 ︎
Perfect Angle VR - Zen edition ☠ ︎
Phantom Soldier 🂡 ︎
Pirates of Black Cove Gold
Pixel Puzzles 2: Anime 🂡 ︎
Planets Under Attack 🂡 ︎
Psychonauts 🂡 ︎
Red Orchestra 2: Heroes of Stalingrad with Rising Storm 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Robowars 🂡 ︎
S.T.A.L.K.E.R.: Clear Sky ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Sanctum 2 🂡 ︎
Satellite Reign 🂡 ︎
Scribblenauts Unlimited 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Shadow Warrior: Special Edition 🂡 ︎
Shadowrun Returns Deluxe 🂡 ︎
ShipLord 🂡 ︎
Sid Meier's Civilization III Complete ︎
Slash It 🂡 ︎
Sleeping Valley 🂡 ︎
Solarix 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Space Farmers 🂡 ︎
SPACECOM 🂡 ︎
Sparkle 2 Evo 🂡 ︎
Spec Ops: The Line ︎
Speed Kills 🂡 ︎
Star Phoenix 🂡 ︎
Street Racing Syndicate 🂡 ︎
The 39 Steps 🂡 ︎
The Bureau: XCOM Declassified 🂡 ︎
The Darkness II ︎
The Flame in the Flood 🂡 ︎
The I of The Dragon 🂡 ︎
The Red Solstice 🂡 ︎
The Walking Dead ☠ 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Tropico 4 🂡 ︎ *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*
Two Worlds II Castle Defense 🂡 ︎
Two Worlds: Epic Edition 🂡 ︎
Vapour 🂡 ︎
Vertical Drop Heroes HD ︎
Violett - Soundtrack Edition 🂡 ︎
Warhammer 40,000: Space Marine 🂡
Whispering Willows 🂡 ︎
X-COM: UFO Defense
Yelaxot ☠ 🂡

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!VERY CHEAP PRICES FOR STUFF WITH - *PayPal/MasterCard/VISA/QIWI Only*!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! 

POPULAR:

🂡 The I of the Dragon
🂡Taimumari
🂡Obscure Realm

Unsorted games expencive and cheep

P.s. Ask about some games, like GRID. Here's GRID 2, not GRID. Removed numbers from txt document, so...

🂡 Arcane Double Pack Deluxe
🂡 Topware RTS Collection
🂡 Topware RPG Collection
🂡 Topware Action Collection
Guns of Icarus Online + Guns of Icarus Alliance
🂡 Epic Mayhem
🂡 The fall of gods
🂡 GRID
🂡 The Troma Project
🂡 D ParticleGen Visual FX
🂡 Warhammer ,: Space Marine
🂡 Air Threat
🂡 A Story About My Uncle
🂡 Silence in Space - Season One
🂡 Chicken Shoot
🂡 Lost Crew
🂡 Vapour
🂡 Demon Horde Master
🂡 Mosaics Galore
🂡 Orwell: Keeping an Eye On You
🂡 Magma Chamber
🂡 TWIN BROS
🂡 Sometimes: Success Requires Sacrifice
🂡 Danny's War
🂡 Inverted
🂡 Repulsanoid
🂡 Gum Guy
🂡 Lepofrenia
Kontrakt
🂡 ConflictCraft
🂡 Perfect Fit - Totemland
🂡 The Ship: Murder Party
🂡 Final Bravely
🂡 Measurement Problem
🂡 Vendetta - Curse of Raven's Cry
🂡 Trianguluv
🂡 Millennium - A New Hope
🂡 Two Worlds II HD - Call of the Tenebrae
🂡 Aircraft War X
🂡 Deponia: The Complete Journey
Little elf
🂡 False Shelter
🂡 Magma Tsunami
Lonely shooter
🂡 HOURS
🂡 Phantom Soldier
🂡 Zombie Zoeds
🂡 The Last Hope
🂡 Two Worlds II HD
🂡 Dungeon Creepster
🂡 Hacknet
🂡 Layers of Fear
🂡 Project First Contact
🂡 Taimumari
🂡 Story of a Cube
🂡 Clickdraw Clicker
🂡 Nash Racing
🂡 Battle for Enlor
🂡 ANIMALITY
🂡 Pain Train
🂡 MY FIGHT
🂡 Satellite Reign
☠ 🂡 Raven’s Cry (Historical Version)
🂡 Obscure Realm
Bacterium / 生命之旅
🂡 Heavy Gear Assault
🂡 The Crypts of Anak Shaba - VR
🂡 Mission: Escape from Island
🂡 ReignMaker
🂡 Zpeciation: Tough Days (TD)
Breach
🂡 Shadowrun Returns
🂡 Aftercharge
🂡 Enola
🂡 KnightShift
🂡 Chicken Shoot Gold
🂡 RoBoRumble
🂡 World War II: Panzer Claws
🂡 Battle vs Chess
🂡 Soldiers Lost Forever (-)
🂡 Dream Pinball D
🂡 PIGMENTUM
🂡 Heli Heroes
🂡 X-Blades
☠ 🂡 Nebula Online
🂡 World War III: Black Gold
🂡 Knights and Merchants
🂡 Star Phoenix
Dead Ground
🂡 Earth
🂡 Planets Under Attack
🂡 Two Worlds Epic Edition
🂡 Septerra Core
🂡 Picross Fairytale - nonogram: Red Riding Hood secret
🂡 Earth
🂡 Gorky
🂡 Enclave
🂡 SwitcheD
🂡 Earth Trilogy
🂡 Two Worlds II Castle Defense
🂡 SAMOLIOTIK
🂡 Are You Ready?
🂡 Other Tanks
🂡 Zzzz-Zzzz-Zzzz
🂡 Katy and Bob: Safari Cafe
🂡 Jagged Alliance - Wildfire
🂡 Dispatcher
🂡 SINISTRY SILINIUM
🂡 Galactic Fighter
🂡 Jack Orlando: Director's Cut
🂡 Iron Sky: Invasion
🂡 Love in the Glen
🂡 AI War: Fleet Command
🂡 One Last Chance
🂡 The Maze : Endless nightmare
🂡 Darconika: The Cube of Soul
🂡 is Better Than
🂡 My Name is You
🂡 Red Death
🂡 Invasion: Brain Craving
🂡 Last Days of Spring Visual Novel
🂡 Anykey Simulator
🂡 Iron Impact
🂡 Experience
🂡 Under Zero
🂡 True Lover's Knot
🂡 Inexistence
🂡 Cubium Dreams
🂡 Pixel Russia Streets
🂡 Legion Tale
🂡 Let's Draw
🂡 Tribal Pass
🂡 Little Kite
🂡 Detective Noir
🂡 Stickmageddon
🂡 The Flame in the Flood
🂡 Take Thy Throne
🂡 Heaven Island Life
🂡 Sleight
🂡 Desolate Wastes: Vendor Chronicles
🂡 Castle Werewolf D
🂡 Tourists Kidnapped a Little Bear
🂡 Journey To The Center Of The Earth
🂡 The Spirit Underneath
🂡 Germination
🂡 Masha Rescues Grandma
🂡 Head Shot
🂡 Invasion
🂡 Escape The Past
🂡 Big Journey to Home
🂡 Bloody Boobs
🂡 Existence speed
🂡 Purgatory
🂡 Super GunWorld
🂡 Dreaming Sarah
🂡 Mosaics Galore
🂡 SQR
🂡 Dungeon of Elements
🂡 WALLSLIDE
🂡 What's under your blanket !?
🂡 NeverEnd
🂡 Alter World
🂡 Star Project
🂡 Deadly
🂡 Swipecart
🂡 Roomscale Coaster
🂡 Crazy Oafish Ultra Blocks Big Sale
🂡 Marble Duel
🂡 The Sun Never Sets
☠ 🂡 Pressure
☠ 🂡 Landfill
Earth : The Moon Project
Earth : Escape from the Blue Planet
☠ 🂡 Marwin and The Evolution Stone
☠ Epic PVP Castles
☠ Don't Fall
☠ Lock Parsing
☠ 🂡 Showtime!
☠ 🂡 Adventures of Hooi
Check vs Mate - Dark Dessert DLC
Check vs Mate - Floating Island DLC
Little Kite - Original Soundtrack
Story of a Cube Soundtrack
Black Hole Hazard Soundtrack
Gorky - Soundtrack
Gorky – Digital Deluxe Content
Enclave - Digital Deluxe Content
Reflection of Mine - Soundtrack
Battle vs Chess - Dark Desert DLC
Two Worlds II - Pirates of the Flying Fortress
Battle vs Chess - Floating Island DLC
Reflection of Mine - Wallpapers
Two Worlds II - Call of the Tenebrae
Raven's Cry - Digital Deluxe Edition (Historical Version)
☠ Pirates of Black Cove Gold
Cold Blooded Cube
The Art Of Knuckle Sandwich
Morendar: Goblin Slayer
my dream
Destroy_the_devil
Cludbugz's Twisted Magic
Save the village chief
Experience
☠ Commander: Conquest of the Americas Gold
☠ East India Company Gold
Check vs Mate
Gunspell - Steam Edition
Yatsumitsu Fists of Wrath
Sid Meier's Civilization® III Complete
The God Paradox
Space Leprechaun
Trackless
Outline
Solar Battle Glargaz
Kicking Kittens: Putin Saves The World
Depth Siege Atlantis
MATH SPEED CHALLENGE
MATH PROBLEM CHALLENGE
Bit-Boom
QLORB
QLORB
Poultry Panic
Destination Dungeon: Crypts of Warthallow
XORPLE
STRETCH
Big Day
Stefanos Sizzling Pizza Pie
Digit Daze
🂡 Hyperdrive Massacre
Bathroom Chef
FPS - Fun Puzzle Shooter
Fitzzle Mighty Bears
Genetic Disaster
☠ BLED NAVALNY
🂡 What The Heck, Dude?
🂡 Starship Annihilator
☠ 🂡 Road Madness
🂡 RiotZ
🂡 AXYOS
🂡 RYAN BLACK
🂡 MY FIGHT
🂡 QUBIC
🂡 Outrunner
🂡 Neon Arena
🂡 Alice's Patchwork
🂡 Operation Breakout
🂡 JASEM: Just Another Shooter with Electronic Music
🂡 JiPS
🂡 Revenge of Roger Rouge
🂡 Oracle
🂡 Radioactive Puzzle
🂡 Drop The Bomb
🂡 Tumblestone [TRIAL]
🂡 Crispy Chicken
🂡 One Wish
🂡 Tribloos
🂡 Shoot Paint
🂡 Village Story
🂡 Other Tanks
Through Blocks
🂡 The Rake: Red Forest
🂡 PixBit
🂡 Experience
🂡 The Note
🂡 My Super Tower
🂡 Hell`s Little Story
🂡 NUKED KNIGHT
🂡 Star Project
🂡 Streng Check
🂡 Dark Project
Chicken Shoot Gold (+)
Arcane preRaise+Arcane RERaise
New Reality Studio Pack
☠ 🂡 North Side
☠ 🂡 To the home
☠ 🂡 Trashville
☠ 🂡 Turn Around
☠ 🂡 Piximalism
☠ 🂡 Nicolay's Adventure
☠ 🂡 Catacomb Explorers
☠ 🂡 Western Adventure
☠ 🂡 Cube Master
☠ 🂡 Pressure
☠ 🂡 Uncrowded
☠ 🂡 Nebula Online
☠ 🂡 Reed
🂡 Jack Orlando: Director's Cut
🂡 Enclave
🂡 Earth HD
🂡 Earth Trilogy
🂡 Two Worlds: Epic Edition
🂡 SwitcheD
🂡 Two Worlds II Castle Defense
🂡 Dream Pinball D
🂡 Planets Under Attack
🂡 Heli Heroes
🂡 X-Blades
🂡 Chicken Shoot Gold
🂡 World War III: Black Gold
🂡 Jagged Alliance - Wildfire
🂡 World War II: Panzer Claws
🂡 Chicken Shoot
🂡 Gorky
🂡 Iron Sky: Invasion
🂡 Battle vs Chess
🂡 Knights and Merchants
🂡 Earth
🂡 KnightShift
🂡 RoBoRumble
🂡 Septerra Core
🂡 The I of the Dragon
🂡 Purgatory II
🂡 Warfront Defenders: Westerplatte
🂡 Rabiez: Epidemic
🂡 So Many Cubes
🂡 Data Hacker: Corruption
🂡 Data Hacker: Initiation
🂡 The Dreamlord
🂡 AI: Rampage
🂡 POLYWAR
🂡 Drift (Over) Drive
🂡 Deadly Animal Duel
🂡 Atonement: Scourge of Time
🂡 Atonement : Ruptured by Despair
🂡 Broken Dreams
🂡 City of Chains
☠ 🂡 Elements: Soul of Fire
🂡 Guardians of Victoria
🂡 Hero Quest: Tower Conflict
🂡 Incitement
🂡 Invasion: Brain Craving
☠ 🂡 Love is Blind: Mutants
🂡 rooMaze
🂡 SweatShop
🂡 Vindictive Drive
🂡 Hyposphere
🂡 Langoth
🂡 Merger D
🂡 NeverEnd
🂡 Adventures On The Polluted Islands
🂡 BitMaster
🂡 Crab Dub
🂡 Cyber City : The Visual Novel
🂡 Bacteria
🂡 Liveza Death of the Earth
🂡 Citalis
🂡 Madrobot X
🂡 Black Sand Drift
🂡 Cranium Conundrum
🂡 The Pasture
🂡 Save the Ninja Clan
🂡 Energy Cycle
🂡 Machine Made: Rebirth
🂡 Russian SuperHero Dead Ivan
🂡 Make it indie!
🂡 NORTH
🂡 Retention
🂡 Just Hero
🂡 Gone In November
🂡 Energy Cycle Collector's Edition
🂡 Energy Balance
🂡 Dear RED - Extended
🂡 Puzzle Galaxies
🂡 Heaven Forest - VR MMO
🂡 Heaven Forest NIGHTS
🂡 Heaven Island - VR MMO
🂡 The Deer
🂡 Catch a Falling Star
🂡 Lup
☠ 🂡 Unalive
☠ 🂡 Forbidden planet
🂡 Dead Bits (GAME + SOUNDTRACK)
🂡 Overcast - Walden and the Werewolf
☠ 🂡 Fergus The Fly
🂡 Jumping Tank
🂡 aMAZE
🂡 aMAZE
🂡 A Detective's Novel
🂡 The Orb Chambers II
🂡 Dungetris[ЕСТЬ ДУБЛИ В ТОВАРЕ]
🂡 Finnish Roller
🂡 Alchemyland
🂡 Alien Hostage
🂡 BitRay
🂡 ORBITAL
🂡 The Astral Hero
🂡 Trouble In The Manor
🂡 Fluffy
🂡 SAMOLIOTIK
🂡 Lost Moon
🂡 Time Ramesside (A New Reckoning)
🂡 Tomato Way
🂡 Despair
🂡 CRACKHEAD
🂡 Slingshot people
Soldier of Failure
Breakout Invaders
Tompi Jones
Protect your planet
Space Googy
☠ Space Ranger vs Reptiloids
Mover
Pixel Car
Hell in Paradise
Sky Dodge[ЕСТЬ ДУБЛИ В ТОВАРЕ]
Airbo
The Slug
☠ O! STRELALKA!!!
The Duller
ROS
Light Cube
Froggy BOI
ORIX!
☠ Pixel War
Save The Villy
Super B-Dino's adventures
RaKoval~Nya: Escape Edition
☠ Simulator gas station
☠ AOK Adventures Of Kok
Kim Jong-Boom
No Lights
FreeFly Burning
Cyber Utopia
Numberline
☠ NeonGalaxy Wars
Happy Santa
Lucky Panda
Soldier of Failure: Operation Zombie
Soldier of Failure
☠ Psi Project
Little Dog
Forest Guardian
Iron Knight
Crazy Scientist
Eared Hero
Caveman Alive
Dark Maze
Flow:The Sliding
☠ OHOTA KREPKOE
illie
Stone Flower
Battle of Frigates
CRYLINE
☠ HardBall
☠ Adventure Rage
Cuco
Old School FOTD
☠ Circle Ball
☠ Make Border Great Again!
Prison Chainball Massacre
Yashik
DAMN!
Plane War
DeFaster
Gun-Running War Dogs
Super Mr Kake
Travildorn
ClickOFast
The Brave Mouse
Project Druid - D Labyrinth Explorer-
aMAZE D
☠ AppleSnake
Kama Bullet Heritage
Deadly Sky
Botology - Map "Zerex" for Survival Mode
Botology - Map "Targul" for Survival Mode
Botology - Map "Sartilus" for Survival Mode
Botology - Map "Barazin" for Survival Mode
Darkness Assault - New Costumes
Darkness Assault - Extra guns
Darkness Assault - Soundtrack
Black Sand Drift Collector's Edition Content
Heaven Island VR MMO - Paradisac Soundtrack
Bacteria Soundtrack
Bequest
Bacteria Collector's Edition Content
Office Battle - Brutal Mode
Crab Dub Soundtrack
Energy Balance Soundtrack
Energy Cycle Collector's Edition Content
Energy Cycle Soundtrack
Farnham Fables Tape Episode
Gone In November Collector's Edition Content
Hexoscope Collector's Edition Content
Hexoscope OST
Hiiro - Collector's Edition Content
It's Spring Again Collector's Edition Content
Just Hero Soundtrack
Turn Around DLC - Additional Campaign # - Slaughterhouse
Turn Around DLC - Additional Campaign # - The village of grandfather
SAMOLIOTIK - SOUNDTRACK
Sophia (for Athopiu)
Disastr_Blastr - Soundtrack_to_Disastr
Stones of Sorrow - Soundtrack by Neoandertals
Genius Greedy Mouse: Greedy of XOR
Wordlase - Soundtrack
HardBall Soundtracks
NGHTMN Soundtrecks
Cyber Utopia - Artworks
🂡 Story of a Cube
One Manga Day - Bonus Content
Tower Mode
Kabitis in Bibou's Game
PHAT PHROG UNCAGED
Project Pulsation - Soundtracks
Creature Clicker - Starter Pack
Creature Clicker - Supporter Pack
Creature Clicker - Deluxe Pack
Infinitum - Soundtracks
ZION - Soundtracks
submitted by GoldTVcast to SteamGameSwap [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Bubble Bursts BitCoin is stupid: How the Bitcoin Bubble Bursts Special Update - Bitcoin Bubble Bursts! Where is Support?! Bitcoin: A bubble waiting to burst likes Ponzi schemes  by BTC News Bitcoin bubble is blown up, it lost the $2000 mark

In the great Bitcoin bubble of late 2017, the honor goes to John McAfee, founder of computer security company McAfee LLC, and passionate cryptocurrency evangelist. On Dec 7, 2017, he wrote: On Dec ... Bitcoin’s opponents have been explaining for many years that Bitcoin is a bubble that will burst sooner or later. The bear market that took place in 2018 in the Bitcoin market was the ultimate ... A bubble bursts when a rapid increase is followed by an abrupt crash, caused by a decrease in demand and increase in supply of the product. Speculation exists as to whether the Bitcoin is a bubble itself, ready to burst. While some people assure that the Bitcoin is far from even resembling something like a financial bubble, others argue that the Bitcoin bubble has already burst and a long time ... That's because, for one thing, there's not as much money tied up in bitcoin as there was during the dot-com bubble, Mr Lee says, pointing out that while there is billions in bitcoin, there were ... Nearly two weeks ago I spoke with Bob Moriarty, founder of 321gold, and he couldn’t wait to start the interview discussing how Bitcoin (and cryptocurrencies as a whole) was in a massive bubble that was about to burst.Fast forward ten days later and we’ve just seen the beginning of what could be the unwinding of the ‘Bitcoin bubble.’ Bob’s favorite junior gold mining play Novo ...

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Bitcoin Bubble Bursts

For how long will bitcoin keep dying and rising, watch this clip to find out. Bitcoin bubble is blown up, it lost the $2000 mark Bitcoin loses the 2000$ mark and going down bitcoin bubble burst, it lost over 24% in the last 24h Source:... Cryptocurrency bitcoin has set another record, breaking through the $12,000 mark for the first time. Compare that with where it was at the beginning of the year, when it was trading at around ... Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable JavaScript if it is disabled in your browser. Bitcoin: A bubble waiting to burst likes Ponzi schemes by BTC News Exactly in Bollywood style when cops reach at the end of a brawl,at last the governm...

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